Monument record DBN 007 - Crows Hall

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Summary

Moat - with yards and II* Listed Building.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 192 628 (195m by 282m)
Map sheet TM16SE
Civil Parish DEBENHAM, MID SUFFOLK, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Moat - with yards. Square, occupied, isolated, close to parish boundary (S1)(S2).
Roughly rectangular moat with an island of 0.863 acres surrounded by a water- filled ditch. Brick revetting (with ornamental diaperwork and buttresses) to the moated island on the west side and along three-quarters of the south side. Entrance is via a C16 4-arched brick bridge on the west side, then through single storeyed brick gatehouse with octagonal buttresses crowned with decorative pinnacles. A stone tablet above the door arch once bore a carved coat-of-arms (said to have been of the Framlingham family) but is now very eroded. Only a single range of the house survives, set at rightangles to the gatehouse range and on its north side. Built of brick, its west gable end has octagonal corner buttresses terminating in decorative pinnacles and rises sheer from the edge of the moat. This and the south side are decorated with brick diaperwork in a lattice pattern. The north side of the range is inset from the edge of the moat. There was a similar range on the south side of the gatehouse, rising sheer from the moat on the west and south sides. An arched sewer outlet from this demolished range can be seen at the base of the revetting on the west side. The line of the north wall can be seen as a parch mark in a lawn; part of the east wall seems to survive in a garden wall. It is not clear whether there was a third range opposite the gatehouse giving the whole a square courtyard plan. The date of the bulding would seem to be mid C16, either by Francis Framilingham (d.1544) or his son Sir Charles Framlingham (d.1595).
Outside the moat is a courtyard (now partly infilled with modern farm buildings) with a C16 long range (part brick, part timber) containing a barn, court-house and ?lodgings on its south side. Four C16 terracotta plaques with moulded fools' heads are set above a doorway. On the north side of the courtyard is a lightly moated enclosure containing 1.7 acres, which is now a grass paddock with a long linear fishpond on its north side. Entry to this courtyard is via a long avenue composed of four lines of oaks. Site takes its name from the Crow family, owners in the C13. Acquired by the Framlinghams in the late C14 (S3).
See DBN 124 for 2006 evaluation and monitoring results.

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <M1> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. APs: CUCAP OF 02, BKP 45.
  • <S1> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. CUCAP, AP OF 02, BKP 45.
  • <S2> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TM16SE2, ill.
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: annotated plan 1990.
  • <S3> (No record type): Martin, E.A.. Martin E, 1990.
  • <S4> (No record type): Sandon E, Suffolk Houses, 1977, 149 & 258.
  • <S5> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 20, pt 1, 1928, 97-99.
  • <S6> (No record type): Country Life, 5, 20.

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Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Sep 22 2017 11:50AM

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