Monument record BNT 045 - Post Medieval flood defence banks, visible on aerial photographs.

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Flood defence banks of probable Post-Medieval date are visible on aerial photographs, enclosing the island in the River Stour across which runs Cattawade Bridge, Brantham parish


Grid reference Centred TM 10051 32765 (598m by 722m)
Map sheet TM13SW


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

Sea walls of probable Post-Medieval date are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, centred on circa TM100327 enclosing the island in the River Stour across which runs Cattawade bridge in Brantham parish (S1). The bank is marked on an estate map of 1731, dating its construction at least to the Post-Medieval period (S2). The bank is almost 2km in length and encloses an area of approximately 414ha. However, the shape of the area enclosed has altered from that marked on the map of 1731 and it is likely that the southern end has been remodelled, although the reason for the change is unknown. Possible remains of the earlier banks are visible as earthworks abutting the current bank to the south of the island and as structures, probably timber posts extending into the current river channel to the east (S3, see BNT 061). The banks have also been altered in the 19th century by the construction of a railway bridge (S4) and the remodelling of the road bridge in the late 1960s or early 1970s (S5). A possible jetty or footbridge across a creek has been constructed to the north of Cattawade bridge on the eastern side of the island and is probably later Post-Medieval in date.

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <S1> Photograph: RAF. Air Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1635 1040-1 09-JUL-1946.
  • <S2> Map: Brasier, W.. 1731. 1733 plan of Brame Hall Farm, Brantham. circa 1731.
  • <S3> Photograph: RAF. Air Photograph. RAF 58/556 5260-1 13-OCT-1950.
  • <S4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1880s. Ordnance Survey 25 inch to 1 mile map, 1st edition. circa 1882.
  • <S5> Photograph: OS, AP. NMR OS/72185 046-7 20-JUN-1972.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jun 14 2013 11:21AM

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