Site Event/Activity record ESF20777 - Archaeological Desk Based Assessment, The Cromwell Inn, 76 High Street, Lakenheath

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Location The Cromwell Inn, 76 High Street
Grid reference Centred TL 7141 8269 (40m by 45m)
Map sheet TL78SW



Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service


Not recorded.



This Desk Based Assessment (DBA) has set the Proposed Development Area (PDA) within the known archaeological landscape through an examination of the Historic Environment Record (HER), aerial photographs and documentary search. The PDA of approximately 912sqm lies in the centre of Lakenheath, forming part of the High Street road frontage and opposite the parish Church of St Mary. It lies towards the top of a natural slope rising from the edge of the fens to the west. The DBA shows that there is high potential for multi-period archaeological deposits to exist upon the site. This is due to its fen-edge location within a dense band of prehistoric and Roman activity and its position within the area of archaeological importance for Lakenheath. This designation encompasses the area of the medieval town and any location within it accordingly has a high potential for Anglo-Saxon or medieval archaeological remains relating to the settlements early history. Documentary research and results from archaeological fieldwork on the adjacent plot suggest that the site will have been in use since at least the thirteenth century, with possible origins for occupation in the Anglo-Saxon period. It is thought that there are generally no grounds to consider refusal of permission in order to achieve preservation in situ of any important archaeological deposits within the PDA. However as the archaeological potential of the site is high, with archaeological remains being highly vulnerable to development, a program of archaeological evaluation by trial trenching is recommended as a first stage of archaeological work. Decisions on the need for mitigation, such as archaeological excavation, will be based upon the evaluation results. Project status: Complete Yes, Validated Yes Previous/Future Work: Previous No, Future Yes Associated Identifiers: Sitecode LKH 318 Planning Application No. F/2008/0636/FUL HER event no. LKH 318 NMR No. 1530708 Project Type: Desk based assessment Development Type: Rural residential Methods and Techniques: Documentary Search, Aerial Photography - interpretation Reason for Investigation: Direction from Local Planning Authority - PPG16 Site status: Area of Archaeological Importance (AAI), Conservation Area Current Land use: Residential 1 - General Residential Monument Type(s)/Period(s): NONE None Artefact Type(s)/Period(s): N/A None PROJECT LOCATION Area 912.00 Square metres Grid Reference: TL71428270 Point Height 8.00 - 9.00 metres PROJECT CREATOR(S) Brief originator: Local Authority Archaeologist and/or Planning Authority/advisory body Design originator: Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service, Field Team Director/Manager: Jo Caruth Supervisor: John Craven DIGITAL ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County SMR Contents: other Media: Text PAPER ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County SMR Contents: other Media: Aerial Photograph, Plan, Report PHYSICAL ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County SMR BIBLIOGRAPHY Publication Type: Grey literature (unpublished document/manuscript) Title: The Cromwell Inn, 76 High Street, Lakenheath. LKH 318 Author(s)/Editor(s): Craven, J. A. Other Bibliographic Details: SCCAS Report No. 2009/112 Date: 2009 Issuer/Publisher: SCCAS Place of Issue or Publication: Bury St Edmunds Description: SCCAS desk based assessment report

Sources/Archives (1)

  • --- Unpublished document: Craven, J.. 2009. Archaeological Desk Based Assessment, The Cromwell Inn, 76 High Street, Lakenheath, LKH 318.

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Record last edited

Mar 1 2011 11:58AM

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