Monument record CSA 002 - Tangham Mount

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Scheduled Monument - Bowl barrow.


Grid reference Centred TM 3446 4769 (52m by 52m)
Map sheet TM34NW


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

Bowl barrow.
A mound circa 30 ft diameter and 5 ft high with traces of surrounding ditch to N and S. The writer believes it to be of Scandinavian date and to be similar to that at Bussock (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) which he thinks must be a defensive post because "Bussock" " means a fortified place, by a stream" (S1) quoting (R1) and (R2).
1594: Shown as upstanding single mound on Ralph Agas map (S5).
1962: A bowl barrow with the ditch now surviving only on S side. The mound has a diameter of 20m and is 1.5m high. It is within a Forestry Commission plantation and has firs planted over it but is in fairly good condition. Published survey (25 inch 1927 revised)(S1).
1977: This barrow, which is well preserved under fir trees and bracken, was a height at first over 1m and diameter 15m. There is a ditch, depth 40cm, width from its outer edge to the mound 4.4m on the SE side only (S2). In coniferous woodland alongside track. Covered with bracken and fir trees. Mound height 0.96m, diameter 15m, ditch width 4.4m, depth 0.40m (S3).
1981: Fir trees and bracken covered - some slight animal disturbance. Ditch visible (S2).
1985: Trees on mound and in surround area felled (in 1981 according to Mr James, Forest District Manager). Surrounding area ploughed & re-planted with conifers. A few are regenerating naturally on the mound, which is otherwise covered with bracken and the stumps of felled trees. Its profile is bumpy and a fox-hole shows it to be built, at least in part of sand. Ditch visible as very shallow depression (S2).
1987: Illicit trench dug into summit of mound, 2.7m long x 0.9m wide and 1. 2m deep. No sign of any disturbed burials or of a definite old ground surface at the bottom. Two sherds of BA pottery recovered from the spoil. Hole back-filled, also two animal holes on the flank of the mound (S4). Trees on mound removed circa 18 months previously and not replanted. Stumps still visible (S4).

September 2015. Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme.
The barrow described above was visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs (S6)-(S10) with a diameter of approximately 27m.
E. Ford (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 16th September 2015.

Sources/Archives (16)

  • <S1> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TM34NW1, 1962.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: site report.
  • <R1> (No record type): EADT, Ipswich, 20 February 1950.
  • <M2> (No record type): Barrow Survey:.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
  • <R2> (No record type): Arnott W G, East Anglian Miscellany, Number 12, 014, Ipswich 20.2.1950.
  • <S3> (No record type): SAU, Martin E A, Barrow survey, 1977.
  • <M3> (No record type): Photograph:.
  • <S4> (No record type): SAU, Martin E A, site report, 1987.
  • <M4> (No record type): SAM file:.
  • <S5> Map: Agas (Ralph), Heath at Tangham, Capel St Andrew, 1594, British Library, ms, Eg 2789.B.
  • <S6> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service Airmap96 32 101-102 25-OCT-1995 (Print).
  • <S7> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. OS/96042A V 178-179 15-APR-1996 (EHA Original Print).
  • <S8> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. Suffolk County Council Area 51 JUN-1999 (Digital).
  • <S9> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. NMR 21831/27 19-OCT-2002 (EHA Original Print).
  • <S10> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. NMR 21847/14-15 19-OCT-2002 (EHA Original Print).

Finds (1)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (8)

Record last edited

Jul 3 2019 8:37PM

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