Monument record ARW 064 - Late Saxon and Medieval buildings and settlement evidence, Land North of The Street, Arwarton

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Evaluation and excavation identified Late Saxon and Medieval buildings and associated settlement evidence, as well as some prhistoric features.


Grid reference Centred TM 2194 3473 (20m by 21m)
Map sheet TM23SW


Type and Period (19)

Full Description

A number of features of archaeological interest were recorded during the work. Towards the rear of the site there was a boundary ditch and re-cut dating to the early 1st century AD. The rest of the trench was taken up by two phases of a timber building dating to the 11th or 12th century, and associated rubbish or cess pits in use perhaps until the late medieval period. Finds from the prehistoric, Roman, medieval and post-medieval periods were collected during the evaluation (S1).
Subsequent excavation identified ditches and a pit of Bronze Age or later Iron Age date. A line of post-holes crossed the site on an alignment at odds with every other phase. This was of uncertain date, producing finds of possible prehistoric or Early Anglo-Saxon to late Saxon date. Building activity at the front of the plot was begun probably in the Late Saxon period, represented by structural slots and post-lines. These too were poorly dated by finds, producing possible prehistoric and Early Anglo-Saxon pottery. More substantial buildings were constructed along the street front in the early medieval period, including a timber building containing a hearth. The rear of the site was divided by N-S aligned boundary ditches at this time. Later in the medieval period habitation at the street front probably continued, with some additions to the existing buildings. The rear of the site was further divided by the addition of E-W aligned boundary ditches. A well and an associated timber building were set back from the street. In the post-medieval period many of the property boundary ditches stayed in use, however the buildings within the excavation area appear to have gone out of use. A probable cess pit infilled at this time suggests that habitation was ongoing through the post-medieval period even if the buildings were located elsewhere (S2).

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Stirk, D.. 2009. Archaeological Evaluation Report: Land to the North of the Street, Erwarton, Suffolk.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Stirk, D & Cass, S. 2011. Post-Excavation Assessment Report, Land to North of the Street Erwarton, ARW 064.

Finds (9)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Jun 14 2017 12:02PM

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