Monument record GAZ 006 - Denham Castle; 'Castle Holes'; Desning Castle

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Summary

Motte and Bailey Castle. Scheduled Monument.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 747 628 (130m by 134m)
Map sheet TL76SW
Civil Parish GAZELEY, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Motte and Bailey Castle. Scheduled Monument.
Castle Holes/Denham Castle - circular bailey, deep ditch. Traces of motte in NE corner. Coins and spur found (OS 1861).
9 Aug 1962: motte 10 feet high, concave top [where "Coins and spur found (OS 1861)"?]. in the NE corner of an oval bailey. Ditch 41 6" deep. Entrance in souith. Low (4') wide (30') bank round W side of bailey. E bank and ditch destroyed Summary of (S3)(R6).
14 Aug 1962: levelling operations in recent years has reduced height of the motte and left the bailey practically featureless. Extremely overgrown. See amended OS plan (S3).
1981: Moat almost completely water-filled and tree lined. Interior of bailey rough pasture with a few trees. Two tracts of land running SW from vestigial motte have recently been ploughed. Apparent scatter of chalk lumps and flint exposed. Four sherds of pottery picked up in plough soil, Medieval - one possibly Roman (S1).
For measured plan of circa 1785 by Thomas Lyus see parish file ("Denham castle between Dalham & Barrow, Suffolk" - copy of map held and copyrighted by Colchester and Ipswich Museums).
Also see 'Denham Castle, Gazeley', Pagus, issue 19 (Feb 1987)(Suffolk Records Office, Bury St Edmunds).
Also known as Desning Castle - lies within sub-manor (of Gazeley) of 'Desning Hall al Castle Hall' (S4).

Earthworks visible on Lidar. See associated files.

Sources/Archives (12)

  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
  • <M2> (No record type): SAM file:.
  • <S2> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. CUCAP, APs BHQ 28, BHQ 30, 15 December, 1971.
  • <R2> Bibliographic reference: 1911. Victoria County History, Suffolk (VCH). 598.
  • <R3> (No record type): Scarfe, Suffolk Landscape, 160.
  • <M3> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. APs: CUCAP BHQ 28, BHQ 30.
  • <S3> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL76SW1.
  • <S4> Bibliographic reference: Goult W. 1990. A Survey of Suffolk Parish History. West Suffolk.
  • <R4> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 3, 1863, (3), 411.
  • <R5> Bibliographic reference: Pevsner N & Radcliffe E. 1974. The Buildings of England: Suffolk. Pevsner N, The Buildings of England - Suffolk, London 1975, (2), 227.
  • <R6> Bibliographic reference: Victoria County History of Suffolk (Vol I 1911; Vol II 1907). 598 (sketch plan).

Finds (2)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Sep 21 2020 1:32PM

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