Monument record PKM 028 - Grimstone End (Rom)

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Summary

Grimstone End is a multi-period site which had been kept under observation by Basil Brown since the finds of the first kiln in 1944, at TL 9360 6930 approx (R5), and which was still yielding artefacts in 1965.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 936 692 (484m by 577m) (Approximate)
Map sheet TL96NW
Civil Parish PAKENHAM, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (5)

Full Description

Grimstone End is a multi-period site which had been kept under observation by Basil Brown since the finds of the first kiln in 1944, at TL 9360 6930 approx (R5), and which was still yielding artefacts in 1965. The area was gradually being demolished by quarrying operations for gravel and Basil was very often only able to record and recover sites and finds immediately prior to their destruction. Three excavations on behalf of Ipswich Museum were carried out - Rom kiln 22 in the spring of 1956, kiln 140 in March 1960 and kiln 147 in June 1960, all in the area covered by PKM 028. In 1953 the Museum with Basil Brown in charge excavated the BA disc barrow and associated Rom and Anglo Saxon sites - finds from this excavation area are covered by PKM 006. Burials and cremations, buildings and pottery kilns, are found all over the area and from all periods.
Large settlement area containing hut sites, pits, ditches and possibly roads. At site 147 near the large Rom kiln, fourteen burials were found both inhumation (some coffined) and cremation. At least 6 pottery kilns were excavated, two of which (147) and (22) were large floored kilns making colour coated ware and one very small kiln (2 foot diameter) of early C2 producing flagons, reference (140). Basil Brown also records sites of ovens, hearths, a well or shaft, and numerous artefacts of the period, held at Ipswich Museum - see list in Parish file (S1)(S2)(R1- R4).
Also excavations by E Owles & N Smedley in 1957 - see excavation index.

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <R1> (No record type): CBA, Gp 7 Bull 7, 1960, 9.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: volumes, card index, maps, site plans.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, III 21,31,32,37,56-62,86-100,139-160; VIII 9-14,19; XI 119; XV 1-91; XIX 1-157; XXX 1-5,13-.
  • <R2> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. CUCAP, AP 80M, CCQ 79.
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file.
  • <S2> (No record type): IPSMG, plans & list M7,54,83,103,106,107,110,126,127,131,133,134.
  • <M3> (No record type): Photographs: BKE1-9, BJO7 8, BJE9-17, BIL1-14, BIK7, BJF3-8, BHM1 3 4 6 7,.
  • <R3> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 28, (3), 1960, 203-225.
  • <M4> (No record type): BHK7, BJB1-5, BJP1, BKH21-23, BJY14.
  • <R4> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 29, 1961, 67-72.
  • <R5> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL96NW22.

Finds (15)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Sep 10 2009 5:04PM

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