Monument record MNL 153 - Hayland House (BA)
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|Grid reference||Centred TL 65 77 (100m by 100m) (Approximate)|
|Civil Parish||MILDENHALL, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (4)
During surface field to field archaeological survey of area, a circular mound discovered in grass field immediately to W of Hayland House (now demolished). Animal bones in mole hills indicated occupation. Mound, 60 feet across and 2 feet high, including 6 inches of eroded peat, excavated by C S Leaf in circa 1933 by trenches and open area method. Consisted of natural sand covered with peat. Water table found 6 inches below trench base. Finds on (and partially within) sand surface below peat, mixed with Mes & Neo material, include mixed EBA pottery types including beaker and variations of biconical and collared urns (compare with MNL 165); worked flint including a broken barbed and tanged arrowhead and a large hollow based or single barbed type point; animal bones, one of metal cut antler, burnt flint and portions of wood and tree trunk.
Features included `post holes'. dark sand patches and at least one pit, 2 feet 6 inches diameter by 2 feet deep. Contained layers of greyish sand and ash and dark basal layer, in which were found human and animal bones, one burnt; EBA urn and beaker sherds; a large flint point; a microlith; flakes; burnt flint & charcoal. Human fragmentary arm & leg bones from at least two individuals (note human bones also from MNL 165 & MNL 154). Animal bones identified from pig, ox, dog and red deer (S1)(S2)(S4)(S5). Location of site at TL 650 770 approximate only, taken from small sketch plan in (S1)(S2).
1965-1985: Thin scatter of worked & burnt flint found fieldwalking in this area, which is now completely ploughed out. No surviving traces of peat and no indication of `circular' mound (S3).
Also Mes & Neo.
- <S1> SSF10506 Article in serial: Leaf, C.S.. 1935. Report on the excavation of two sites in Mildenhall Fen. Leaf C S, Report on the excavation of two sites in Mildenhall Fen, PCAS, 35, 1935, 106-117, (ill).
- <S2> SSF50032 Index: OS. OS Card. OS, cards TL67NE3 & 9.
- <S3> SSF6326 Excavation archive: Pendleton C. 1990. Fenland Survey Archive. Pendleton C, 1987.
- <S4> SSF3566 (No record type): Clarke D L, Beaker pottery of GB & Ireland, 2, 1970, 497.
- <S5> SSF6857 (No record type): Gibson A, Beaker Domestic sites, BAR, 107, 1982, 169, (fig HH1).
- FSF2856: POTTERY (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF2857: POTTERY BEAKER (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF2858: POTTERY BICONICAL URN (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF2859: POTTERY COLLARED URN (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF2860: WORKED OBJECT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF2861: BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF2862: ANIMAL REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF2863: HUMAN REMAINS (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF33535: HOLLOW BASED ARROWHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (3)
Record last edited
May 14 2020 10:47AM