Monument record MNL 153 - Hayland House (BA)

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Summary

During surface field to field archaeological survey of area, a circular mound discovered in grass field immediately to W of Hayland House (now demolished). Fenland Survey.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 65 77 (100m by 100m) (Approximate)
Map sheet TL67NE
Civil Parish MILDENHALL, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

During surface field to field archaeological survey of area, a circular mound discovered in grass field immediately to W of Hayland House (now demolished). Animal bones in mole hills indicated occupation. Mound, 60 feet across and 2 feet high, including 6 inches of eroded peat, excavated by C S Leaf in circa 1933 by trenches and open area method. Consisted of natural sand covered with peat. Water table found 6 inches below trench base. Finds on (and partially within) sand surface below peat, mixed with Mes & Neo material, include mixed EBA pottery types including beaker and variations of biconical and collared urns (compare with MNL 165); worked flint including a broken barbed and tanged arrowhead and a large hollow based or single barbed type point; animal bones, one of metal cut antler, burnt flint and portions of wood and tree trunk.
Features included `post holes'. dark sand patches and at least one pit, 2 feet 6 inches diameter by 2 feet deep. Contained layers of greyish sand and ash and dark basal layer, in which were found human and animal bones, one burnt; EBA urn and beaker sherds; a large flint point; a microlith; flakes; burnt flint & charcoal. Human fragmentary arm & leg bones from at least two individuals (note human bones also from MNL 165 & MNL 154). Animal bones identified from pig, ox, dog and red deer (S1)(S2)(S4)(S5). Location of site at TL 650 770 approximate only, taken from small sketch plan in (S1)(S2).
1965-1985: Thin scatter of worked & burnt flint found fieldwalking in this area, which is now completely ploughed out. No surviving traces of peat and no indication of `circular' mound (S3).
Also Mes & Neo.

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <S1> Article in serial: Leaf, C.S.. 1935. Report on the excavation of two sites in Mildenhall Fen. Leaf C S, Report on the excavation of two sites in Mildenhall Fen, PCAS, 35, 1935, 106-117, (ill).
  • <S2> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, cards TL67NE3 & 9.
  • <S3> Excavation archive: Pendleton C. 1990. Fenland Survey Archive. Pendleton C, 1987.
  • <S4> (No record type): Clarke D L, Beaker pottery of GB & Ireland, 2, 1970, 497.
  • <S5> (No record type): Gibson A, Beaker Domestic sites, BAR, 107, 1982, 169, (fig HH1).

Finds (9)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

May 14 2020 10:47AM

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