Monument record SCV 001 - Undated earthwork mound

Please read our .


Mound with surrounding ditch is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs.


Grid reference Centred TM 4930 8034 (130m by 95m)
Map sheet TM48SE


Type and Period (5)

Full Description

1924: Description and plan and discussion in (S7)(S8).
Mound with surrounding ditch described as oval (S1) in 1951 and circular (S2) in 1972. Described as at Frostenden (S1)(S3), actually South Cove. Trenched by Peter Woodard in Jan and Feb 1951, who found foundations of a palisade wall (?) with evidence of burning and the remains of timber within the wall. Various newspaper cuttings and trench plan mentions 'timber indications', 'quantities of black earth and stones (so called cooking stones)', 'burnt layer stones' and 'sherds (medieval) - thought to have been a Danish fort, the mound may be associated with LSax or EMed period' (S1).
10 May 1954: Described as being of same dimensions as shown (on OS plan - oval), about 8 feet high from ditch bottom, with distinctly flat top (S2).
11 Jan 1972: Much ploughed and spread artificially circular mound with ditch towards foot of gentle W facing slope and a few feet above area of marshland. 56m diameter, 1.5m-2.0m high, 16.0m wide ditch, maximum depth 0.7m - fades out on lower W side and overlain by positive lynchet on N side - resurveyed (S2).
1986: No trace (S3).
1981 & 1986: APs show surrounding ditch is oval with E-W axis. N half not clear (S4)(S5).
1987: Excavation archive given to Southwold Museum. These consist only of more copies of letters sent to Woodard, no further details on excavation or finds.
July 1988: Letter from (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) states belief that `late Mr Eustace Grubb of Walberswick also had a look there in his time', and adds that odd pieces of pottery turn up from time to time. The Waterway ((see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) approximately) was dredged about 1978 when `pottery, oyster shell and bones came up where, I presume, the docks stood' (S6).
Possibly same as seaport at Frostenden mentioned in Domesday - see FOS Misc.

May 2014. Lothingland, Lowestoft and North Suffolk Coast and Heaths National Mapping Programme.
The mound described above is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs (S9- S11) with a ditch surrounding it.
There are also parallel ditches visible crossing the mound horizontally on at least one set of photographs (S3) , which may relate to when it was ‘trenched by Peter Woodard in Jan and Feb 1951’ (see above), although these ditches may also relate to agricultural activity.
E. Ford (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 7th May 2014.

Sources/Archives (14)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, XCVIII, 83,87.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: letter, copy photograph, press cuttings, copies APs, plan, (S7).
  • <M2> (No record type): B Brown archive: volume.
  • <S2> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL48SE3.
  • <S3> (No record type): Woodard P, letter to R Bruce-Mitford, 1986.
  • <M3> (No record type): APs: SAU Ipswich, HSL UK 71 33; SCC 38 86 040.
  • <S4> (No record type): HSL UK, AP, 71 33, 29 March 1971.
  • <S5> (No record type): SCC, AP, 38 86 040, 30 June 1986.
  • <S6> (No record type): Gardner T H, letter, 22/7/1988.
  • <S7> (No record type): Morley C & Cooper E R, `The Sea Port of Frostenden', PSIA 18, 1924, 167- 179, ill.
  • <S8> Bibliographic reference: Cooper E R. 1928. A Suffolk Coast Garland. pages 18-23, ill.
  • <S9> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/2BC/BR173 VD 4-5 17-JUN-1941(EHA).
  • <S10> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/929 RS 4012-4013 16-OCT-1945 (EHA).
  • <S11> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. OS/73219 V 156-157 04-JUN-1973 (EHA).

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Nov 13 2014 11:10AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.