Site Event/Activity record ESF19855 - Land to the rear of 'Almacks', Long Melford

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Location

Location LMD 137 and 157, Land to the rear of 'Almacks', Long Melford
Grid reference Centred TL 8619 4542 (87m by 107m)
Map sheet TL84NE
Civil Parish LONG MELFORD, BABERGH, SUFFOLK

Technique(s)

Organisation

Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service

Date

Not recorded.

Map

Description

Archaeological evaluation and monitoring during the construction of three houses on land to the rear of 'Almacks', Hall Street, Long Melford identified the presence of well-preserved Roman features and an overlying Roman soil horizon, showing that the site lay within the area of the known Roman small town. Archaeological features principally consisted of substantial refuse pits interspersed with occasional linear features. There was no firm structural evidence although the assemblage of CBM indicated the presence of at least one building in the vicinity. A single 2nd century coffined inhumation burial of a young female was also identified amid the refuse pits. The site therefore probably lay on the western margins of the settlement, within a series of tenement plots being used as dumps for domestic refuse, to the rear of buildings fronting the Roman road. The finds assemblage indicates an origin for the settlement in the first half of the 1st century AD, with the main focus of activity occurring during the 2nd and 3rd centuries, and derived from domestic occupation activity. The settlement then declined during the late 3rd and 4th centuries, with the presence of CBM in features being backfilled by the 4th century indicating the demolition of nearby structures. The coin assemblage, which has a strong bias towards the late 4th/early 5th century, was mainly recovered from the overlying soil horizon. Evidence of activity post-dating the Roman period was insubstantial with only occasional finds of medieval and post-medieval date when the site was probably open plots to the rear of properties fronting onto Hall Street. Project status: Complete Yes, Validated Yes Previous/Future Work: Previous No, Future No Associated Identifiers: Sitecode LMD 137 Sitecode LMD 157 HER event no. LMD 137 HER event no. LMD 157 Planning Application No. B/02/01942/FUL Planning Application No. B/02/1940/FUL Planning Application No. B/04/1527 Planning Application No. B/02/1941/FUL NMR No. 1507823 Project Type: Recording project Investigation Type: Watching Brief Reason for Investigation: Direction from Local Planning Authority - PPG16 Current Land use: Other 5 - Garden Monument Type(s)/Period(s): PIT Roman, INHUMATION Roman, DITCH Roman Artefact Type(s)/Period(s): COIN Roman, ANIMAL BONE Roman, CBM Roman, BROOCH Roman, POTTERY Roman PROJECT LOCATION Area 0.80 Hectares Grid Reference: TL86184544 Point Height 30.00 - 35.00 metres PROJECT CREATOR(S) Brief originator: Local Authority Archaeologist and/or Planning Authority/advisory body Design originator: Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service, Field Team Director/Manager: John Craven Supervisor: John Craven DIGITAL ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County SMR Contents: Animal Bones, Ceramics, Human Bones, Metal Media: Text, Database, Images raster / digital photography PAPER ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County SMR Contents: Animal Bones, Ceramics, Human Bones, Metal Media: Context sheet, Map, Photograph, Plan, Report, Section PHYSICAL ARCHIVE Recipient: Suffolk County SMR Contents: Ceramics, Human Bones, Metal, Animal Bones BIBLIOGRAPHY Publication Type: Grey literature (unpublished document/manuscript) Title: Land at rear of 'Almacks', Long Melford. LMD137 and LMD 157. Author(s)/Editor(s): Craven, J.A. Other Bibliographic Details: SCCAS Report No. 2008/99 Date: 2008 Issuer/Publisher: SCCAS Place of Issue or Publication: Bury St Edmunds Description: SCCAS Monitoring report

Sources/Archives (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

  • Land to the rear of 'Almacks' (Monument)
  • Land to the rear of 'Almacks' (Monument)

Record last edited

Sep 26 2012 4:17PM

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