Monument record BSE 164 - Tollgate Public House, Bury St Edmunds, (Prehistoric, Saxon)

Please read our .


Early Saxon features and pottery found sealed by suspected Medieval deposits during evaluation. Also residual flint.


Grid reference Centred TL 85178 65963 (72m by 104m)
Map sheet TL86NE


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

September 1998: An archaeological evaluation of the land around the Tollgate Public House, near the site of the medieval Babwell mill, revealed evidence for the water management system serving the mill. Documentary and physical evidence was found for the siting of the dam and mill pond as well as evidence for the changing course of the river, both natural and man-made. Possibly early Saxon features were found (sealed by suspected medieval deposits) which may indicate settlement activity. Contemporary with a possibly early Saxon cemetery identified last century on Tollgate Lane (BSE 059). See (S1) for details. See (S2) for more details.
Finds also included two prehistoric(?) worked flints and an early Roman storage vessel sherd.

Descriptions of flint finds are broad, dating to a specific period bracket is ill-advised. However, they may be Mesolithic to later Prehistoric, based on older version on this record, (S2).

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. (S1).
  • <S1> Unpublished document: SAU, Caruth J,. 1998. Tollgate Public House, Evaluation Report, SCCAS Report 98/87, October 1998, ill.
  • <S2> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1999. Archaeology in Suffolk 1998. XXXIX (3).
  • <S3> Personal Correspondence: Cutler, Hannah. 2019. Personal Observations as part of the Enhancement of the Suffolk HER for the Palaeolithic & Mesolithic Periods project.

Finds (4)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Jan 9 2020 2:17PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.