Monument record IPS 442 - St. Nicholas Church, Cromwell Square, Ipswich.
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 16191 44285 (16m by 22m)|
|Civil Parish||IPSWICH, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (11)
- TOMB (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- PIT (IPS: Early Late Saxon to 13th century - 900 AD to 1200 AD)
- BUILDING (17th century - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
- GRAVE (19th century - 1800 AD? to 1855 AD)
- INHUMATION (19th century - 1800 AD? to 1855 AD)
- PIT (IPS: Early Medieval - 1001 AD to 1150 AD)
- GRAVE (Late Saxon - 850 AD to 1065 AD)
- INHUMATION (Late Saxon - 850 AD to 1065 AD)
- TOMB (19th century - 1800 AD? to 1855 AD)
- BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- SOAKAWAY (Unknown date)
2004: A test pit evaluation was carried out in the Churchyard of St Nicholas Church in February 2004, within the footprint ot a proposed development leading to the conversion of the Church into a Church Resourse and Conference Centre. Five c.1m test pits were excavated in order to address questions raised by an Archaeological Assessment Report and GPR survey carried out/commissioned by The Archaeological Consultancy. The test pits confirmed that heavy truncation to a depth of up to 1.5m by post-medieval buildings had taken place to the east of the Churchyard. The uppermost 0.9m of the churchyard itself largely was occupied by a heavily disturbed c19th cemetery soil in which few grave cuts were observed although it was found to contain potentially numerous (three were identified in test pits 3 and 5) brick built tombs. Solid bonded remains of the southern church wall ceased just 0.66m below the existing ground surface and overlay a sequence of rammed chalk and clay-with-flint foundation layers to at least 0.85m (S1).
2005: A re-ordering of the existing church and construction of an adjacent extension required that a programme of archaeological evaluation and recording was undertaken. The reduced level soil strip for the extension revealed the groundplan of a building known from early maps to have stood to the south-east of the chancel from at least the later 17th century through into the first half of the 20th century. Below this a relatively thick loam soil was encountered with burials throughout, indicating that the graveyard had, at some time, extended under and to the east ofa north to south aligned path/lane that was well established by the end of the 17th century. A small group of shallow lain infant burials were formally excavated, while the remainder were left intact beneath the new build, the formation level for which was raised to facilitate this process. One of the burials was found to be in a very poor condition and was truncated by a pit which was tentatively dated to the Late Saxon Period. If this dating is correct then this burial may have been associated with a pre-conquest phase of the church. The excavated burials and all miscellaneous disarticulated human skeletal material and charnel deposits were reburied with due care and respect within the area of the churchyard. Artefactual evidence included stratified and unstratified pottery dating from the Saxon, medieval and post-medieval periods. Re ordering of the interior of the church included the removal ofpanelling from around the walls which was found to represent the re-use ofbox-pews, mainly in pine but with some decorative oak panels. The oak panels probably dated to the mid-17th century while the pine panels where more likely to be 18th century in date. Graffiti on the back of one of the panels suggested that they had been installed in 1864. Evidence for earlier decoration in the church was recorded in the form of wall paintings and coatings, the majority of which were clearly relatively recent, probably later 19th or early 20th century in date (S2).
See also IPS 205 and (S1-S5).
- <S1> SSF56139 Unpublished document: Gardner, R. 2004. Archaeological Evaluation Report: St Nicholas's Church, Cromwell Square, Ipswich..
- <S2> SSF50410 Unpublished document: Boulter, S.. 2006. St. Nicholas Church, Ipswich (IPS 442), A Recording of Archaeological Work Associated with the Recording and Extension to the Existing Building.
- <S3> SSF56138 Unpublished document: Breen, A. 2004. St Nicholas Church, Ipswich.
- <S4> SSF56137 Unpublished document: Dr Peter Wardle. 2003. Historic Environment Mitigation Strategy for the Re-ordering of: St Nicholas Church Friars Rd Ipswich.
- <S5> SSF56136 Unpublished document: GSB Prospection. 2003. St Nicholas Church Ipswich..
- FSF31953: POTTERY (IPS: Early Middle Saxon - 601 AD to 700 AD)
- FSF31954: POTTERY IPSWICH (Middle Saxon - 650 AD to 849 AD)
- FSF31955: POTTERY THETFORD (IPS: Early Late Saxon to 12th century - 850 AD to 1100 AD)
- FSF31956: POTTERY ST NEOTS (IPS: Early Late Saxon to 14th century - 850 AD to 1300 AD)
- FSF31957: ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF31958: FLOOR TILE (Medieval to IPS: Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF31959: WINDOW GLASS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- FSF31960: BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40479: POTTERY CONTINENTAL IMPORT (Middle Saxon - 650 AD to 849 AD)
- FSF40480: POTTERY CONTINENTAL IMPORT (IPS: Early Late Saxon to 13th century - 900 AD to 1299 AD)
- FSF40481: POTTERY CONTINENTAL IMPORT (16th century to 17th century - 1500 AD to 1699 AD)
- FSF40482: POTTERY STAMFORD (Undated)
- FSF40485: GRAVE MARKER (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- FSF40486: POTTERY (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40487: POTTERY EARLY MEDIEVAL (IPS: Middle Late Saxon to 12th century - 1000 AD to 1199 AD)
- FSF40488: POTTERY (IPS: Middle Late Saxon to 12th century - 1000 AD to 1199 AD)
- FSF40489: BARTMANN JUG (16th century - 1500 AD to 1599 AD)
- FSF40490: POTTERY (18th century to 19th century - 1700 AD to 1899 AD)
- FSF40491: PEG TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- FSF40492: CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (17th century - 1600 AD to 1699 AD)
- FSF40493: BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40494: ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
- FSF40495: OYSTER SHELL (Unknown date)
- FSF40496: NAIL (Unknown date)
- FSF40497: COFFIN FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40498: COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40499: RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40500: PIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40501: SHEET (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF40502: BEAKER (16th century to 17th century - 1500 AD to 1699 AD)
- FSF40503: UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Middle Saxon to IPS: Early Medieval - 650 AD to 1150 AD)
- FSF40506: HUMAN REMAINS (19th century - 1800 AD? to 1855 AD)
- FSF40507: HUMAN REMAINS (Late Saxon - 850 AD to 1065 AD)
- FSF40508: ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Unknown date)
- FSF40509: ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Unknown date)
- FSF40510: HUMAN REMAINS (Undated)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (2)
Related Events/Activities (5)
- Event - Intervention: Building Survey and Evaluation Excavation, St. Nicholas Church, Ipswich. (Ref: OASIS-suffolkc1-3168) (ESF20121)
- Archaeological Deposit: Deposit, St Nicholas Church, Cromwell Square, Ipswich. (Ref: ) (ESF24920)
- Event - Survey: Desk Based Assessment, St. Nicholas Church, Ipswich. (ESF23668)
- Event - Intervention: Evaluation, St Nicholas Church, Cromwell Square, Ipswich. (Ref: ) (ESF18794)
- Event - Survey: Geophysical Survey, St. Nicholas Church, Cromwell Square, Ipswich. (Ref: ) (ESF19127)
Record last edited
May 18 2017 10:46AM