Monument record IPS 718 - Nacton Road Site, Ipswich
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 197 415 (92m by 86m)|
|Civil Parish||IPSWICH, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (3)
2013: Oxford Archaeology East carried out an excavation at 'Site 1b' Nacton Road, Ipswich, near to Ravenswood Housing Estate. The excavation of the
0.5 ha area was prompted by a planning application for a restaurant development with associated car-parking. The site lay in an area that had previously been occupied by Ipswich Airport and had, during World War II, been used as an RAF airfield.
The area was stripped by mechanical excavator and all exposed archaeological and natural features were recorded. The earliest features were a pit containing burnt flint and another pit containing two flint flakes and a probable hammerstone, both of which are undated but may be of Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date. Another phase of use of the site is represented by a pair of parallel ditches forming a droveway at right angles to Nacton Road. This is thought to date to the Late Iron Age or Roman period and may link up with another droveway and fields excavated to the south- west of the site.
A number of small charcoal-filled pits with evidence of in-situ burning are likely to have had some industrial purpose, for example charcoal burning. One of these pits has been dated to the Middle Anglo-Saxon period and it is likely that the remainder are contemporary or perhaps carry on into the medieval period. Small amounts of hammerscale within their fills suggests that the charcoal may be have been burnt for the purposes of iron smelting or smithing.
Two boundary ditches dating to the late 18th or 19th-century were identified. The first forms part of a tree-lined avenue leading from Nacton Road to Alnesbourn Priory and the second is an enclosure associated with Walk Barn. Both these boundaries correlate with boundaries shown on historic maps.
Linear marks on the eastern half of the site may relate to the WWII airfield, the civilian airport or may be plough marks or scarification marks, (S1).
- <S1> SSF57414 Unpublished document: Clover, K. 2013. Archaeological Excavation at Site 1b, Restaurant Land, Nacton Road, Ipswich, Suffolk, IPS 718.
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (7)
- Parent of: Ditch 184 (Ipswich UAD child record) (IPS 1501)
- Parent of: Ditch 220 (Ipswich UAD child record) (IPS 1500)
- Parent of: Ditch 257 (Ipswich UAD child record) (IPS 1499)
- Parent of: Ditch 262 (Ipswich UAD child record) (IPS 1498)
- Parent of: Ditch 279 (Ipswich UAD child record) (IPS 1497)
- Parent of: Ditch 283 (Ipswich UAD child record) (IPS 1496)
- Part of: Former Ipswich Airport, Ipswich. (Monument) (IPS 613)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Record last edited
Jun 21 2017 2:13PM