Monument record RLM 067 - Cropmarks of multi-period enclosures and fields at site of Saxon settlement and burials
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 3283 5351 (332m by 493m)|
|Civil Parish||RENDLESHAM, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (12)
- RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to IPS: Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
- FIELD BOUNDARY (Early Saxon to Medieval - 410 AD to 1539 AD?)
- GRUBENHAUS? (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
- SETTLEMENT? (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
- PIT (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
- PIT (Unknown date)
- DITCH (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
- PIT (Early Neolithic to Roman - 4000 BC to 409 AD?)
- DITCH (Medieval to IPS: Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD?)
- FIELD BOUNDARY (Early Neolithic to Roman - 4000 BC to 409 AD?)
- FIELD BOUNDARY (Unknown date)
- RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD?)
June 2015. Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Beauty National Mapping Programme.
An area of multi-phase cropmarks, including possible medieval common/green-edge enclosures and a fragmentary field system and/or enclosure complex of unknown, but potentially later prehistoric to Roman date, are visible on aerial photographs (S1-S3) and also on a geophysical survey of the field (RLM 044) (S4). The location of the cropmarks corresponds with an area of Saxon settlement and burials, known from finds (RLM 044) and excavations (S5) – and forms part of the wider Rendlesham Royal complex – but the aerial photographs have revealed little of this activity and it would be suggested that the majority of the cropmarks – in particular those in the eastern part of the field – pre-date this Saxon phase. Although it is possible that the large pit identified relates to a Saxon sunken-featured building.
The broad, but fragmentary ditches within the western part of the site would appear to relate to the large enclosures and boundary ditches detected by the geophysics. It is possible that these relate to medieval common/green-edge enclosures, like those identified recorded to the south within RLM 072/RLM 043. However given the levels of Roman and Saxon material in this field (RLM 044), a pre-medieval date is a clearly also a good possibility.
The eastern part of the site can be characterised as fragmentary field system and/or enclosure complex of unknown date. Although the morphology of this site would suggest a later prehistoric or Roman date. However it must be noted that the general orientation of the boundaries do seem to correlate with those recorded to the southwest within RLM 072/RLM 043, which are thought to run parallel to the edge of the medieval green.
S. Horlock (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 9th June 2015.
- <S1> SSF55745 Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1673 RP 3224-3225 28-JUL-1946 (EHA Original Print).
- <S2> SSF55745 Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. RAF/106G/UK/832 RP 3105-3107 23-SEP-1945 (EHA Original Print).
- <S3> SSF55745 Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. RAF/106G/UK/832 RP 3105-3107 23-SEP-1945 (EHA Original Print).
- <S4> SSF53792 Unpublished document: Plouviez J. 2009. Archaeological Survey Report, Naunton Hall, Rendlesham, RLM 011, 012, 013, 014, 036.
- <S5> SSF56077 Unpublished document: Caruth J., Minter F., Plouviez J. & Scull C.. 2014. Rendlesham, Park and Sand Walk RLM 054 and 055 Post-Excavation Assessment Report. SCCAS Report No. 2014/130.
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Record last edited
Feb 26 2016 12:56PM