Monument record BRR 060 - Land East of Barrow Hill, Barrow, (Mesolithic-Modern).

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Summary

Medieval features and undated enclosure

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 76754 63153 (253m by 465m)
Map sheet TL76SE
Civil Parish BARROW, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (8)

Full Description

Historic field boundaries, present on the 1st edition OS map, were identified through geophysical survey although some of the identified ditches may predate the 1880s (S1). An undated enclosure identified in the geophysics was shown to be medieval/late medieval in the later trial trenching which also revealed medieval ditches, pits, and post holes (S2).

2018: Excavation of a 0.7ha area ahead of residential development found remains of 11th–14th-century settlement. A sequence of broadly rectilinear enclosures aligned along the route of Barrow Hill. As well as boundary ditches, a waterhole, pits and the foundations of at least three post-built timber structures were revealed. Four sub-periods in the development of the settlement could be identified. The quality of the pottery from the site and the scarcity of dress accessories or items of personal adornment suggested relatively low status, with the buildings perhaps being workshops or animal shelters on the periphery of the main village to the N of the site. Occupation ceased by the end of the 14th century and, by the late 16th century, the land was used for farming, having been divided into at least two ditch-defined fields. Roadside ditches bordering the lane leading S from the centre of Barrow (now Barrow Hill) extended along the W edge of the site. A 17th or early 18th-century iron padlock was recovered from one of these ditches. At least two ponds, one of which is shown on an early map of the site, were located by the side of the road to water livestock, draught animals and mounts.
Included in the Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History annual round up of individual finds and discoveries for 2018. (S3)

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Blagg-Newsome, M. and Bescoby, D.. 2016. Geophysical Survey Report: Land east of Barrow Hill, Barrow.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Walker, J.. 2016. Land East of Barrow Hill, Barrow, Suffolk: Archaeological Trial Trench Evaluation.
  • <S3> Article in serial: Minter, F., Rolfe, J. and Saunders, A.. 2019. Archaeology in Suffolk 2018, Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History.

Finds (13)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Dec 11 2019 3:43PM

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