Monument record CSM 048 - Early Bronze Age pits and Roman ditches, Days Road, Capel St Mary
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 0853 3853 (325m by 227m)|
|Civil Parish||CAPEL ST MARY, BABERGH, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (13)
- PIT (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
- DITCH (Unknown date)
- DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- ROUND HOUSE (DOMESTIC) (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- FIELD SYSTEM (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- PIT (Unknown date)
- POST HOLE (Unknown date)
- PIT (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
- POST HOLE (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
- PIT (Middle Iron Age - 400 BC to 101 BC)
- HEARTH? (Middle Iron Age - 400 BC to 101 BC)
- RUBBISH PIT? (Middle Iron Age - 400 BC to 101 BC)
2016: A small number of features of prehistoric or Roman date were recorded during an archaeological evaluation. Two small pits in the east of the site contained pottery and flints dating to the Early Bronze Age. Several small ditches in the south of the site contained Roman pottery, and similar small ditches on similar alignments were recorded in the southeast and west. The ditches were very small and appeared regularly spaced, which may suggest an agricultural or horticultural origin. The absence of subsoil suggests that if arable agriculture did take place historically within the evaluated area, it was not longlasting. However, their alignments are suggestive of track-side ditches associated with the modern footpath entrances on the central southern boundary and the southwest corner of the site. The dating evidence from the ditches and the position of the Roman villa (CSM002) to the south suggests that Roman cultivation may have extended into the evaluation site (S1).
2017: Excavation revealed a Bronze Age post-built roundhouse and dispersed pitting, a small quantity of Iron Age pits and an area of Roman cultivation ditching (S2). The phases of Bronze Age and Iron Age activity are probably each related to previously recorded contemporary evidence to the east and west, and indicate widely disperesed occupation and utilisation of the landscape during these periods. The Roman field ditches, together with similar examles 300m to the south, are almost certainly associated with a villa site to the west at Windmill Hill and are similar to other examples of early Roman cultivation ditches that have been seen in close proximity to villa sites elsewhere within the county (S3).
- <S1> SSF58417 Unpublished document: Hickling, S.. 2016. Archaeological Evaluation Report: Land at Days Green, Capel St Mary, Suffolk.
- <S2> SSF58617 Article in serial: Minter, F. and Saunders, A.. 2018. Archaeology in Suffolk 2017, Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History.
- <S3> SSF58787 Unpublished document: Cass, S., and Craven, J.. 2018. Archaeological Excavation Report: Land off Days Road, Capel St Mary, Suffolk.
- FSF46922: LOOMWEIGHT (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
- FSF46924: POTTERY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- FSF46925: LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF46926: CHISEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- FSF48560: POTTERY (Early Bronze Age to Middle Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1001 BC)
- FSF48561: POTTERY (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- FSF48562: POTTERY (Late Bronze Age - 1000 BC to 701 BC)
- FSF48563: POTTERY (Middle Iron Age - 400 BC to 101 BC)
- FSF48564: POTTERY (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
- FSF48565: POTTERY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- FSF48566: FIRED CLAY (Unknown date)
- FSF48567: CERAMIC (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- FSF48568: LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Early Iron Age - 2350 BC to 401 BC)
- FSF48569: BURNT FLINT (Unknown date)
- FSF48570: PENDANT (Unknown date)
- FSF48571: ANIMAL REMAINS (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2350 BC to 42 AD)
- FSF48572: PLANT REMAINS (Undated)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Record last edited
Oct 22 2018 2:56PM