Farmstead record SVA 022 - Farmstead: Four Elms Farm
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 1212 6145 (124m by 138m)|
|Civil Parish||STONHAM PARVA, MID SUFFOLK, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (7)
- GRANARY (18th century to 20th century - 1700 AD to 1999 AD)
- THRESHING BARN (16th century to 20th century - 1500 AD to 1999 AD)
- ANIMAL SHED (19th century to 20th century - 1800 AD to 1999 AD)
- BARN (16th century to 20th century - 1500 AD to 1999 AD)
- FARMHOUSE (19th century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
- FARMSTEAD (19th century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
- REGULAR COURTYARD U PLAN (19th century - 1800 AD to 1899 AD)
2015: Four Elms Farm adjoins open countryside on the eastern side of the A140 Norwich Road approximately 1km north of the Magpie Inn. The complex of farm buildings to the south of the unlisted 17th century farmhouse is highly conspicuous from the road and has represented a local landmark for many years due to its semi-derelict condition. Despite their poor condition and the effects of a recent fire the individual structures are still recognisable from the Ordnance Survey of 1884 when they surrounded a pair of open cattle yards. These structures include an early-18th century two storied granary, a threshing barn of four bays of which two date from the late 16th or early 17th century, a truncated building adjoining the site entrance that probably served as a stable (all three timber-framed), and a series of single storied animal sheds which consist of shuttered clay coated with tar rather than the more usual clay-lump. Together they demonstrate the sophisticated nature of the mid-19th century system of mixed animal husbandry known as Victorian High Farming. Remarkably, only the truncated stable appeared on the tithe map of 1839. The farmhouse was shown along with a contemporary barn which still survives to the east. The granary and barn were evidently moved from elsewhere soon afterwards and reassembled to form the core of the new complex. The barn may have moved from 300m to the south east. Despite their travels the structures remain of considerable historic interest, with the granary retaining rare and exceptionally well preserved external pargeting which illustrates the appearance of local farm buildings before tarred weatherboarding became ubiquitous during the second half of the 19th century. The barn retains large areas of Tudor framing, including original trenched wall bracing and even a rare door lintel that would not normally be associated with a structure moved from another site (S1).
Four Elms Farm, Stonham Parva. 19th century farmstead and farmhouse. Regular courtyard U-shaped plan formed by working agricultural buildings. The farmhouse is set away from the yard. Significant loss (over 50%) of the traditional farm buildings. Located within a hamlet (S2-6).
Recorded as part of the Farmsteads in the Suffolk Countryside Project. This is a purely desk-based study and no site visits were undertaken. These records are not intended to be a definitive assessment of these buildings. Dating reflects their presence at a point in time on historic maps and there is potential for earlier origins to buildings and farmsteads. This project highlights a potential need for a more in depth field study of farmstead to gather more specific age data.
- <S1> SSF57015 Unpublished document: Alston, L.. 2015. Heritage Asset Assessment: Four Elms Farm, Little Stonham, Suffolk.
- <S2> SSF59079 Unpublished document: Campbell, G., and McSorley, G. 2019. SCCAS: Farmsteads in the Suffolk Countryside Project.
- <S3> SXS50088 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1880s. Ordnance Survey 25 inch to 1 mile map, 1st edition.
- <S4> SXS50094 Map: Ordnance Survey. c 1904. Ordnance Survey 25 inch to 1 mile map, 2nd edition. 25".
- <S5> SSZ54999 Vertical Aerial Photograph: various. Google Earth.
- <S6> SXS50102 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1949. Ordnance Survey 6 inch to 1, mile, 3rd edition. 1:10,560.
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Record last edited
Mar 29 2021 2:56PM