Farmstead record BAW 208 - Farmstead: High House Farm

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Summary

High House Farm is a 17th century farmstead with listed buildings. The farmstead was laid out in a regular E-plan with some additional outbuildings. The house is set away from the yard. The farmstead is situated alongside a public road. There is significant loss (50%) with just the farmhouse and two arms of the E-plan courtyard remaining with additional modern working buildings added.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 3475 3975 (124m by 98m)
Map sheet TM33NW
Civil Parish BAWDSEY, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (5)

Full Description

2016: High House Farm lies on the western side of Ferry Road at the southern end of Bawdsey village. The substantial farmhouse is a grade II-listed 17th century building with a fine three storied southern wing of the late-18th century that was probably added by the Sheppard family who owned the property in 1843 when it was a large tenanted holding of 228 acres. The stable building is a small flint-rubble structure with red-brick dressing adjoining a yard immediately behind the farmhouse. Its lower storey contained a domestic stable for riding and coach horses, along with a narrow tack room and a coach house, while the upper storey was designed as a granary. The latter was initially divided into two compartments reached by external stairs adjoining both gables. The building is clearly shown on the 1843 tithe map and dates from c.1820, retaining an intact roof structure of staggered butt-purlins that is typical of the ‘Napoleonic’ period. The western wall consisted of boarding on its upper storey with flint-rubble beneath, but has largely been removed where it adjoins with a 20th century extension. The stable stains evidence of two boarded stalls with a 19th century paint scheme of grey wainscot and an original brick floor in its passage, while wooden harness hooks of unusually delicate proportions survive in the tack room. The ceiling joists were initially exposed in the stable and tack room, with plasterwork confined to the coach house, but a new plaster ceiling was provided throughout when a series of boarded grain bins was installed later in the 19th century. These alterations illustrate the mid-19th agricultural revolution known as Victorian High Farming, which involved the storage of loose grain in bins rather than in sacks. A small lean-to extension was added to the northern gable in the 19th century, but in most respects the original structure is unusually well preserved (S1).

Recorded as part of the Farmsteads in the Suffolk Countryside Project. This is a purely desk-based study and no site visits were undertaken. These records are not intended to be a definitive assessment of these buildings. Dating reflects their presence at a point in time on historic maps and there is potential for earlier origins to buildings and farmsteads. This project highlights a potential need for a more in depth field study of farmstead to gather more specific age data.

Sources/Archives (4)

  • --- Map: Bawdsey Tithe Map.
  • --- Vertical Aerial Photograph: various. Google Earth.
  • --- Map: Ordnance Survey. 1880s. Ordnance Survey 25 inch to 1 mile map, 1st edition.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Alston, L.. 2016. Heritage Asset Assessment: Granary and Stable at High House Farm, Bawdsey, Suffolk.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jun 4 2019 10:59AM

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