Monument record EYE 123 - Iron Age, Roman Anglo Saxon, Medieval and Post-medieval features, Land Eye Airfield

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Roman ditch and a pit, filled with metal working debris, as well as Medieval and Post Medieval field boundaries identified during evaluation trenching at Eye Airfield, Saxon cemetery (see EYE 052) Iron Age Trackway and features (see EYE 241)


Grid reference Centred TM 1393 7454 (638m by 739m) (6 map features)
Map sheet TM17SW


Type and Period (13)

Full Description

2015: The earliest recorded features lay to the east in parcel 13A, and comprise six postholes, ascribed to a possible Early Neolithic settlement site. Later Prehistoric, Early and Middle Iron Age occupation was present in two forms, the first being a trackway aligned north to south, for which there was evidence of metalling in the form of a remnant of a cobbled surface, and also in the form of a series of discrete and dispersed pits and postholes. Both of these were encountered to the west of the site in Parcel 13A. To the east of the site, in parcel 13A, were three graves and a horse burial which are potentially of Anglo-Saxon date. These may form a small burial ground for a family group, associated with the settlement site located to the south at Hartismere School. Later medieval activity is present in parcels 13A, B and C. In the eastern side of the site, in parcels 13B and C, the remains of two phases of field boundaries were present, with a pre-enclosure field boundary recorded. A later field boundary ditch, dating at the earliest to the 18th century and subsequently removed, was revealed as a ditch aligned east to west which partitioned the current field into smaller parcels
of land.
Roman ditch located to the southern part of Parcel 13A. The ditch is on a west-south-west to east-north-east alignment. To the south of this ditch lay a pit. The pit is filled with metal working debris suggesting that iron working was occurring within close proximity to the site. It is likely that these features are associated to the Roman settlement to the south.
Rectangular field boundary was revealed during the geophysical survey of the site. The evaluation trenches showed the field boundary to be of Medieval date. The course of the boundary slightly meanders along the straight edge which is consistent with it relating to the pre-enclosure farming system. The 1839 Tithe map shows that the fields were sub-divided by east to west aligned field boundaries, which have now been removed. Evidence for this is found in the northwest of the site (S1).

2017: Evaluation revealed 3 19th/20th century field drains, a small pit with two sherds of medieval pottery, an undated shallow ditch and a thin scatter of Roman pottery sherds and medieval pottery (S2).

See Also Prehistoric and Anglo Saxon

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Oxford Archaeology East. 2015. Multi-Period Remains at Eye Airfield, Parcels 13-15, Eye, Suffolk.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Newman, J.. 2017. Archaeological Evaluation, Land at Eye Airfield (Parcel 15 & SUDS Area), Langton Green Farm, Eye, Suffolk.

Finds (8)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Nov 30 2022 3:30PM

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