Monument record BSE 052 - North Transept, St James Cathedral, Bury St Edmunds, (Prehistoric)

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Summary

At least 135 worked flints were found (in a buried soil in the 1999 excavations) which could be divided into three separate groups - one of the largest Mesolithic groups in the area (64 flints), a Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age assemblage and a later Bronze Age or Iron Age group. Also 'IA' (or Sax?) potsherds found.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 8560 6413 (16m by 9m)
Map sheet TL86SE
Civil Parish BURY ST EDMUNDS, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

1983: Two residual sherds of Iron Age (or Early Saxon?) pottery found in trial trench on site of proposed Cathedral Treasury (S1).
Details of 1988 (see S4) & 1999 (see S5) excavations not yet available - see assessment report S3, which does not discuss the prehistoric material, although at least 135 worked flints were found (in a buried soil only found in the 1999 excavations) which could be divided into three separate groups. These include one of the largest Mesolithic groups in the area (64 flints), a Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age assemblage and a later Bronze Age or Iron Age group (summary of flint report from draft final report). All from 1999. No flints from 1998. North Trancept excavations mostly redeposited in Saxon or later features (S6). Worked flint report put in library copy of S3.

1988-1999 excavations revealed a group of small pits and features underneath a buried ancient soil horizon c.25cm deep which contained an assemblage of worked flint, and an intrusive single sherd of medieval pottery. The pits were filled with pale gravel silt similar to the soil horizon. One of the pits cut a linear feature, possibly a ditch, although it was badly truncated. None of the features produced finds, however they are assumed to be prehistoric because of the leached fills (S7).

See also Saxin and Medieval Records

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file.
  • <S1> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Plouviez, J. & Feldman, H.. 1985. Archaeology in Suffolk 1984. XXXVI (1).
  • <M2> Excavation archive: Suffolk County Council Archaeologcial Service. North Transept, St James Cathedral, Bury St Edmunds,. Excavation archive:.
  • <S2> Photograph: NAU. 1996. NAU, TL 856 641, JDF 11-13, 1 July 1996.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Gill, D.. 2005. Archaeological Assessment Report,The Cathedral Precinct Yard Excavations, 1988 and 1999, Bury St Edmunds, BSE 052.
  • <S4> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1989. Archaeology in Suffolk 1988. XXXVII (1).
  • <S5> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C., Plouviez, J. & Thomas, G.. 2000. Archaeology in Suffolk 1999. XXXIX (4).
  • <S6> Finds Report: Pendleton C. 2006. North Transept, St James Cathedral, Bury St Edmunds.
  • <S7> Unpublished document: Gill, D.. 2005. Archaeological Assessment Report,The Cathedral Precinct Yard Excavations, 1988 and 1999, Bury St Edmunds, BSE 052.
  • <S8> Unpublished document: Billington, L, P.. 2016. Lithic Scatters and Landscape Occupation in the Late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic: A Case Study from Eastern England.. M 914.

Finds (7)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Jan 9 2020 1:42PM

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