Monument record IXW 012 - Ixworth Priory (now `Ixworth Abbey') (Med)

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Summary

Priory of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Ixworth.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 929 705 (355m by 802m)
Map sheet TL97SW
Civil Parish IXWORTH, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Priory of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Ixworth. Priory of Augustinian Canons founded 1170 - the priory buildings constructed 1170, canons introduced 1172 (S1).
Note: Copinger (S10) records priory as being rebuilt (following Stephen/Matilda conflict in later C12) in a separate location to the earlier priory.
Norman church was cruciform, circa 22ft long, with an aisled chancel. Chancel extended C13 and a N aisle added to nave in C14. Probably a W tower. Foundations of the church and the bases of piers can be seen in the grass N of the house. Part of the W end stands to a height of a few feet. Parts of the monastic buildings are embedded in the house called Ixworth Abbey. The E dormitory range is fairly complete except for the chapter house at its N end. Undercroft has fine C13 vaulting, divided into several rooms. Of the S refectory range only some walling at the E end survives, with evidence of a pulpit. E of the dormitory range and connecting with it is the late C15 timber-framed prior's apartment, probably on the site of an earlier building. Reredorter may have been to the north. No trace of the W range (S5).
Pre 1962 plan drawn by P G M Dickinson for the National Monument Record. Diagrammatic plan based on it, published in (S6).
1962: mention of a projected excavation by St Paul's School, London (S7).
1987: masonry fragments from an exavation examined by R D Carr (see parish file).
OS notes foundations, supposedly of the church crop up intermittently on the outside of the garden ha-ha (S7).
A series of ponds and `moats' to the N of the priory seem to have been fishponds - those in the enclosure centred at TL 9300 7070 are marked as `The Mereyard, Fish Pondes and Stewes' on a map of 1625 (S8). This map also names the enclosure centred on TL 9285 7075 as `The Castle Yard'. Several other buildings shown on this map (for details see PMed).
C13 Pilgrim Badge from Rocomador, SW France, found in the field to the W of the Priory at circa TL 928 703.
Papal bulla found at TL 9285 7090 (see IXW Misc). (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s)
See also IXW 031 for Esax and Med metalwork finds.
See also Pmed.

Sources/Archives (13)

  • <S1> (No record type): Knowles, D. & Hadcock, R.N.. 1971. Medieval Religious Houses: England and Wales (2nd ed). Knowles D & Hadcock R N, Medieval Religious Houses of England & Wales, 1971, 141 & 161.
  • <R1> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 1, 84.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: copies of (S6) & (S8), part copy of 1847 Tithe Map;.
  • <M2> (No record type): metalwork list; field reports RDC 1987.
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Victoria County History of Suffolk (Vol I 1911; Vol II 1907). VCH, Suffolk II, 1907, 105-7.
  • <S3> (No record type): Dugdale W, Monasticon VI, 311.
  • <S4> (No record type): Rowe J, Ixworth Abbey- A Short History and Simple Guide, 1964.
  • <S5> Bibliographic reference: Pevsner N & Radcliffe E. 1974. The Buildings of England: Suffolk. 309-310.
  • <S6> (No record type): Ixworth Abbey, guide leaflet, no date or author.
  • <S7> Index: OS. OS Card. OS card, TL97SW38.
  • <S8> (No record type): SRO Bury, acc 1991, photographic copy of an 1834 copy of a 1625 map; details of map also reproduced .
  • <S9> (No record type): Sandon E, Suffolk Houses, 1977, 308.
  • <S10> Bibliographic reference: Copinger W A. Manors of Suffolk.

Finds (2)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Oct 28 2019 11:14AM

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