Monument record MNL 064 - Thistley Green, West Row (Mildenhall Roman Site)

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Summary

The scheduled site of a probable Roman villa: a small two-roomed Roman building with hypocaust, excavated in 1932 at West Row, Mildenhall. Finds included pottery sherds. Further Roman potsherds, pieces of brick, oyster shells and "old bones" have been found on the surface in the vicinity. The Mildenhall Treasure is said to have been found circa 30 yards from the building.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 6743 7667 (365m by 260m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL67NE
Civil Parish MILDENHALL, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Roman `villa' excavated in 1932, set within larger scheduled area producing Rom remains including alleged findspot of Mildenhall Treasure (see MNL 231). "A small two-roomed Roman building was excavated in 1932 revealing a hypocaust, an external shed and 4th century pottery fragments" (S1).

Two-roomed building with hypocaust at (S2).

"Whole area in arable cultivation. Nothing visible on surface. Underlying chalk shows through peat" (?) "in places" (S2).

Two sherds (one with stamp), collected by Basil Brown (S3).

Other material mainly pottery, on loan to MIHLM (S6).

1947: Photographs and slides in Basil Brown archive show Fowler & Lethbridge using metal detector on site and Mr Ford (owner of land adjoining treasure site?), Bird and Landymore on alleged treasure field (S4,S5).

For concentrated spread of Roman finds, excavated building corner and possible treasure site, North of scheduled area, see MNL 146 and MNL 161. Three photographs of excavated hypocaust in NWHCM (S7).

Card index in Cambridge Museum notes pottery from Lethbridge 1932 Roman Villa excavations (S8).

From NHRE record:

(TL 67427667) ROMAN BUILDING (R) (site of) (NAT) (S17)

A small two-roomed Roman building was excavated in 1932 revealing a hypocaust, an external shed and 4th century pottery fragments. the Mildenhall Treasure (TL 67 NE 4), a hoard of 34 pieces of Roman table silver, was discovered in a shallow trench 30 yds from the building and Roman pottery sherds, pieces of brick, oyster shells and old bones were found after ploughing at TL 67377688. (S14, S13, S18)

There are no visible remains of the building; the farmer, present at the time of excavation verified the OS siting. (S16) (Also S15, S19).

NHRE: Related Archives/Objects:

P12602 WEST ROW- MAJOR GORDON FOWLER USING METAL DETECTOR
P12603 WEST ROW- T.C.LETHBRIDGE, MAJOR GORDON FOWLER USING METAL DETECTOR

Sources/Archives (22)

  • --- Index: Historic England. Related Archives/Objects from NRHE. P12602,P12603.
  • <S1> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL67NE1, (map).
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, VIII, 163; XCVIII, 67,82,101; XCV, 20,21; card index, 214-216.
  • <S4> Photograph: SAU. Photographs BJT 01-04. SAU, photographs BJT 01-04.
  • <S5> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, lantern slides.
  • <S6> Verbal communication: Pendleton C F. 1983. Pendleton C F, 1983. Pendleton C F, 1983.
  • <S7> Excavation archive: NWHCM. Suffolk Parish Records, Mildenhall, photographs. NWHCM, Suffolk Parish Records, Mildenhall, photographs.
  • <S8> Museum Record Card: Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology. Suffolk, Z11483, Z21436-7, Z22767. Cambridge University Museum, card index, Suffolk, Z11483, Z21436-7, Z22767.
  • <S9> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: volumes, card index, slides.
  • <S10> Scheduling record: Thistley Green, West Row (Mildenhall Roman Site). SAM file:.
  • <S11> Article in serial: F. E. Adcock. 1948. review-article. J Roman Studies, 38, 102.
  • <S12> Bibliographic reference: Pevsner N & Radcliffe E. 1974. The Buildings of England: Suffolk. Pevesner N & Radcliffe R, The Buildings of England: Suffolk, 366.
  • <S13> Bibliographic reference: Phillips C W. 1970. The Fenland in Roman Times. Phillips C W, The Fenland in Roman Times, 1970, 237.
  • <S14> Article in serial: Lethbridge, T.C.. 1947. Roman Britain in 1946. Lethbridge T C, J Roman Stud, 37, 1947, 172.
  • <S15> Bibliographic reference: Scott, E. 1993. A gazetteer of Roman villas in Britain. Site number SU 27.
  • <S16> Source Unchecked: RCHME?. Various. Field Investigators Comments. F1 NKB 15-MAR-72.
  • <S17> Map: Ordnance Survey. OS 6" 1959.
  • <S18> Cartographic materials: Briscoe, G. 1951. MIHLM, Correspondents 6 inch record map, G Briscoe entry, 1951.
  • <S18a> Personal Correspondence: Fowler G. 1949. NHRE Source.
  • <S19> Bibliographic reference: Moore, I, E.. 1988. The Archaeology of Roman Suffolk.
  • <S20> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (4)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Feb 3 2021 9:32AM

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