Monument record IPS 807 - Carmelite Friary, Buttermarket, St. Stephens Lane, Ipswich. SPECULATIVE (IAS 3104).

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Speculative extent of Carmelite Friary. Site of Carmelite Priory founded 1278. The church and claustral buildings were extended before 1344, and again circa 1396, and there appears to have been a major rebuild of the church in the 15th century for it was rededicated in 1477. Excavations in 1898 located the cemetery and building foundations, but the report is too vague to discern which buildings were present. The church and claustral buildings were revealed during excavations on the Buttermarket Cinema Site in 1988.


Grid reference Centred TM 1632 4448 (124m by 130m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM14SE


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

1987-1988: Excavation of Buttermarket & St Stephens Lane site in advance of development. Suggested area of Carmelite Friary based on various sources (S1-S11).

[letter, number] refers to mentions in the Suffolk Council Archaeological Service Ipswich Documentary Card index.
Mentioned 1279

The Carmelite Priory founded before 1271, dissolved in 1538. Old maps indicate the site, later occupied by the county gaol "from St Stephens Lane to Queen Street at the south side of the Butter Market" (TM 162444). Layard examined the site after part of the flint and rubble priory wall was uncovered during building excavations. She found some Nuremburg tokens, a metal medallion of the Pieta and part of an ecclesiastical statue. The excavations also revealed evidence and finds of an earlier date than the priory. (See TM 14 SE 30). (S10, S14, S15)

Sources/Archives (15)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Wade, K. 2014. Ipswich Archive Site Summaries: St. Stephen's Lane..
  • <S2> Bibliographic reference: Scull, C.. 2009. Early Medieval Cemeteries (Late 5th-Early 8th Centuries AD) at Boss Hall and Buttermarket, Ipswich, Suffolk. The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 27.
  • <S3> Article in serial: Zimmerman, B.. 1899. The White Friars at Ipswich.
  • <S4> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1987. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 23. 23.
  • <S5> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1988. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 24. 24.
  • <S6> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1988. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 25. 25.
  • <S7> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1988. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 26. 26.
  • <S8> Article in serial: Ipswich Archaeological Trust. 1989. Ipswich Archaeological Trust News 27. 27.
  • <S9> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1989. Archaeology in Suffolk 1988. XXXVII (1). XXXVII.1, pp. 59–77..
  • <S10> Article in serial: Layard, N.F.. 1899. Recent discoveries on the site of the Carmelite Convent of Ipswich, and the old river quay. The old river quay. X.2, pp. 183–188.. PSIANH X.2, pp. 183–188..
  • <S11> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 37 (1), 1989, 74.
  • <S12> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.
  • <S13> Bibliographic reference: Knowles & Hadcock,. 1971. Medieval Religious Houses of England & Wales.
  • <S14> Bibliographic reference: 1911. Victoria County History, Suffolk (VCH).
  • <S15> Index: Suffolk County Council Archaeologcial Service. Ipswich Documentary Card index.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (10)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

May 19 2021 3:50PM

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