Monument record FRK 029 - Highfields, Chippenham Road, Freckenham

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Site of small smock mill, demolished c.1910, monitoring identified the foundations of the smock mill and Iron Age and Roman finds and features.


Grid reference Centred TL 6626 7153 (64m by 21m)
Map sheet TL67SE


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

`Small smock mill, demolished c. 1910. The base remains as a store' (S1). Built before 1781 (S2) shown on enclosure map of 1824 (S5). According to (S6) dismantled and taken down between 1921 and 1924. Base recently demolished by owner down to ground level. Intends infilling last `foot' of mill base to use as part of driveway to proposed new garage (S4).
Possibly same as windmill recorded in 1634 - see Misc PMed. Also possibly same windmill shown on Ogilby's Map, 1675 (S7).

2006: Initial monitoring of a single trench revealed a possible pit which contained sherds of probable Iron Age pottery. 0.8m west of this pit survived the footings of the smock mill. A slight widening of the excavation exposed the interior edge as well as the exterior (S9).

2006: Continued Archaeological monitoring of groundworks for three extensions to Highfields, Freckenham, identified evidence of three phases of past activity. A substantial phase of Early Iron Age occupation in the immediate vicinity was indicated by the finds assemblage although only a single feature dated to this period was identified. A less substantial phase of activity in the Roman period was also indicated by elements of the finds assemblage. The groundworks also confirmed the presence, position, shape and size of a post-medieval smock mill known from 19th century mapping. The foundations of the octagonal structure and parts of the basal course of the brick built ground floor structure that stood upon it, were shown to survive intact. The brickwork, which in turn would have supported the wooden windmill frame, dates to the 17th-early 18th century supporting the suggestion in the Suffolk HER that the mill is one shown on 17th century mapping (S8).


Sources/Archives (13)

  • --- Index: Historic England. Related Archives/Objects from NRHE. BF004849.
  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: Dolman, P. 1978. Windmills in Suffolk: a contemporary survey. 43.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Flint, B.. 1979. Suffolk Windmills. Flint B, Suffolk Windmills, 1979, 133.
  • <S3> Bibliographic reference: Dolman, P. 1978. Windmills in Suffolk: a contemporary survey.
  • <S4> Personal Correspondence: Saunder W H. 1994. Saunder W H (owner), October 1994. Saunder W H (owner), October 1994.
  • <S5> Map: 1824. Freckenham Enclosure Map. Freckenham Enclosure Map, 1824, SRO (Bury), Q/R1/17.
  • <S6> Bibliographic reference: Callard E. 1924. The Manor of Freckenham. Callard E, The Manor of Freckenham, 1924, 198.
  • <S7> Cartographic materials: John Ogilby. 1675. John Ogilby's Travellers Guide.
  • <S8> Unpublished document: Craven, J.. 2012. Archaeological Monitoring Report, Highfields, Chippenham Road, Freckenham (2006).
  • <S9> Unpublished document: Craven, J.. 2006. Summary of initial monitoring, Highfields, Chippenham Road, Freckenham.
  • <S10> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.
  • <S11> Article in serial: A, A. Bryan. 1998. Windmill gazetteer for England.
  • <S12> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1903. OS 6" 1903.

Finds (1)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 4 2023 12:40PM

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