Monument record RMS 021 - Cropmarks of a field system and settlement of probable prehistoric or Roman date, Ramsholt parish

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Summary

The cropmarks of a field system and settlement of prehistoric or Roman date is visible on aerial photographs. This site has previously been interpreted as Roman – finds of this date are in vicinity (RMS 015) – however coaxial field systems of this type are increasingly being dated to the earlier periods, such as the Bronze Age. See RMS 027 for prehistoric, possibly early Bronze Age activity and features adjacent to cropmarks. See also STT 041 for prehistoric flints and Iron Age pottery. The site includes a number of ring ditches interpreted predominantly as roundhouses. However it must be borne in mind that these relate a small group of Bronze Age round barrows underlying the field system. It must be noted that the broad trackway or boundary ditch within the north eastern part of the site may be much later in date and may relate to the medieval to post medieval landscape

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 3096 4277 (1173m by 884m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM34SW
Civil Parish RAMSHOLT, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (16)

Full Description

Cropmarks of complex of interconnecting trackways and adjoining fields/ enclosures. In field adjacent to and N of RMS 002 - pattern of trackways and ditches etc. (S1)
The ditches visible as cropmarks on (S1), centred on TM 30834278, may be a possible Roman settlement and field system. There appears to be a central trackway running through the site from south-west to north-east, with a number of double-ditched linear features, either enclosure boundaries or smaller trackways, leading off from this feature. One large rectilinear enclosure can be seen centred on TM 30824286 and this could be part of a field system or settlement. One partially visible ring ditch, circa 10m in diameter, located at TM 30644278 and another more complete one, circa 8m in diameter, are probably hut circles and if so indicate that it is a settlement site. It is important to note that some of the features resemble Post Medieval field drains and future photography may clarify their nature. Two linear ditches running north to south across the site have not been plotted as these appear to be Post Medieval field boundaries. (S2)
For Med metalwork from this field see Misc.

March 2016. Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Beauty National Mapping Programme.
The extent of cropmarks of this previously recorded field system and settlement have been extended significantly from features visible on aerial photographs and satellite imagery (S3-S10). In addition to considerable extending the potential area of field system, the most significant new cropmarks are a group of at least five new ring ditches to the south of The Skirts – and see also RMS for details of two further possible circular features of uncertain archaeological significance. Ring ditches previously recorded at this site have been interpreted as roundhouses and it is feasible that these are also. However it must be borne in mind that these relate a small group of Bronze Age round barrows underlying the field system.
This field system and settlement has previously been interpreted as Roman – finds of this date are in vicinity (RMS 015) – however coaxial field systems of this type are increasingly being dated to the earlier periods, such as the Bronze Age. See RMS 027 for prehistoric, possibly early Bronze Age activity and features adjacent to cropmarks. See also STT 041 for prehistoric flints and Iron Age pottery.
It must be noted that the broad trackway or boundary ditch within the north eastern part of the site may be much later in date and may relate to the medieval to post medieval landscape
S. Horlock (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 16th March 2016.

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <S1> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. CUCAP (BNL111) 22-JUN-1973.
  • <M1> Photograph: CUCAP. CUCAP aerial photograph. AP: CUCAP BNL 111.
  • <S2> Verbal communication: Newsome, S.. 2001 -. Suffolk Coastal NMP Project. Sarah Newsome.
  • <S3> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. CUCAP BNL110 22-JUN-1973 (Print).
  • <S4> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. NMR 4529/90 14-JUL-1989 (EHA Original Print).
  • <S5> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. NMR 4529/91 14-JUL-1989 (EHA Original Print).
  • <S6> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. NMR 4441/33 14-JUL-1989 (EHA Original Print).
  • <S7> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. NMR 4529/89 14-JUL-1989 (EHA Original Print).
  • <S8> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. RAF/106G/UK/759 FS 2033-2035 02-SEP-1945 (EHA Original Print).
  • <S9> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 03-AUG-2007 ACCESSED 18-FEB-2016 (Digital).
  • <S10> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM 25-MAY-2011 ACCESSED 18-FEB-2016 (Digital).

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Apr 29 2016 10:04AM

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