Monument record HVH 072 - Middle Iron Age settlement at Westfield Primary School, Chalkstone Way, Haverhill

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Evaluation and excavation identified a Middle Iron Age settlement and two un-urned Bronze Age cremations.


Grid reference Centred TL 6802 4592 (172m by 218m)
Map sheet TL64NE


Type and Period (9)

Full Description

Evaluation and excavation inetified, Small amounts of residual pottery and/or worked flints suggest that there was transitory use of the site during the earlier Neolithic and the later Neolithic/earlier Bronze Age. In the later Bronze Age two un-urned cremations were buried in what was probably a small, unenclosed and informal cemetery. Permanent occupation of the site began in the Middle Iron Age, with the establishment of an unenclosed settlement. It contained at least three circular buildings, probably dwellings although one of them (represented by two roughly concentric and penannular ditches) was unusual and might have had a ritual/religious function. Other stratigraphic evidence for the settlement included several ditches/gullies (possibly defining small enclosures), some pits and occasional postholes. The artefactual evidence included a significant pottery assemblage (mostly cooking and storage vessels) found in association with worked flints, fired clay fragments, loomweights, a spindlewhorl and some worked antler fragments. Animal bones and some charred cereal grains are indicative of stock rearing and crop production. Subsequent phases of activity cannot be dated precisely. A linear boundary ditch, probably part of a Roman or later field system, truncated the remains of one of the Middle Iron Age buildings. The boundary ditch was cut by a large, irregular pit, probably a reservoir, with a complicated history of infilling and re-excavation. It contained a moderate assemblage of residual Middle Iron Age pottery and some of its fills were rich in charcoal and heated stones, on a scale that suggests industrial activity (S1 S2 S3).

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Heard K. 2010. Archaeological Evaluation Report, Westfield Replacement / Samuel Ward extension, Chalkstone Way, Haverhill, HVH 072.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Heard K. 2012. Post-Excavation Assessment Report and Updated Project Design, Westfield Primary School Replacement site, Chalkstone Way.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: 2014. Analytical Report, Middle Iron Age settlement at Westfield Primary School, Chalkstone Way, Haverhill, Suffolk.

Finds (17)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Mar 7 2015 1:32PM

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