Monument record BSE 375 - Medieval layers and wall, Shire Hall car park, Bury St Edmunds

Please read our .


Evaluation showed the landscape had been raised in the 15th century to create fishponds, a mill-leat and grazing meadows, and also revealed the base of the original phase of the 12th century precinct wall.


Grid reference Centred TL 8588 6396 (46m by 51m)
Map sheet TL86SE


Type and Period (4)

Full Description

1998: Ground investigations revealed that the topsoil (0.4m-0.6m) overlay sandy gravelly clays with chalk fragments and rootlets. The auger was unable to penetrate below 0.8m-1.2m depth (S2)

2011: Evaluation of the Shire Hall car park showed that the landscape had been raised. This occurred in the 15th century with the dumping of gravels over marsh-land and river silts to create fishponds, a mill-leat and grazing meadows. This required the precinct wall to be extended. Excavation at the base of the original phase of the 12th century wall uncovered a buttress and possible rendering. Further ground heightening was carried out during the 18th century when topsoil was brought in to create the garden for St Margaret's House (S1).

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Gill, D.. 2011. Archaeological Evaluation Report, Shire Hall Car Park and Weymed Centre, Bury St Edmunds, BSE 375 and BSE 376.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Cearns, P. J.. 1998. Borehole Survey, Proposed Car Park, Shirehall, Bury St Edmunds.
  • <S3> Article in serial: Minter, F. and Saunders, A.. 2018. Archaeology in Suffolk 2017, Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History.

Finds (18)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Aug 28 2018 10:44AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.