Monument record IPS 874 - Medieval features at Cornhill, Ipswich

Please read our .


Medieval pits and postholes at Cornhill, Ipswich.


Grid reference Centred TM 1622 4463 (26m by 19m) (2 map features)
Map sheet TM14SE


Type and Period (11)

Full Description

2016: Evaluation revealed a relatively high density of features in both trenches. The features were discrete and comprised pits and postholes. The latter may be indicative of structural remains. The archaeological features are 0.50m-1.20m below the current ground surface and are well preserved. The features contained predominantly early 8th-mid 9th century pottery, and also mid 9th-12th century, 11th-13th century and mid 12th-mid 14th century pottery. They contained between 1 and 5 sherds of pottery. Associated finds comprise CBM, animal bone and shell. A fragment of slag and a medieval copper alloy button was also found. Sparse residual struck flint was also recovered (S1).

2017: The excavation recorded a density of Saxon-medieval pits and postholes sealed by a sequence of made ground, including the continuation of features recorded at the southern end of Trench 1. Several pits were inter-cutting, and exhibited slightly irregular profiles with multiple fills that suggest the accumulation of waste, possibly as rubbish pits. The postholes exhibited regular and steep-sided profiles, and probably had a structural function. Overlying a deposit sealing all of the medieval and earlier features was a metalled surface possibly representing a later medieval or post-medieval market surface. The features represented three phases of activity, spanning the 8th-9th, 9th-12th and 12th-15th centuries. Both the dated and undated features contained modest quantities of animal bone and oyster shell; carbonised cereal remains, and low quantities of fired clay. Pits F2077 and F2086 also contained well-preserved, residual Roman pottery, suggesting the presence of hitherto unknown, earlier activity in the Cornhill area. The available evidence was consistent with urban activity during the represented periods. While no evidence to irrefutably prove the
use of this area as a market place was recorded, the evidence may be considered to support the historical evidence that indicates that this was the function of this part of Ipswich. (S2)

Sources/Archives (2)

  • --- Unpublished document: Barlow, G. and Newton, A.. 2018. Archaeological Excavation and Monitoring: Cornhill Project, Ipswich.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Muir, T.. 2017. Targeted Archaeological Desk Based Assessment and Archaeological Evaluation, Cornhill Project, Ipswich, Suffolk.

Finds (24)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Oct 4 2022 4:28PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.