Monument record SUY 164 - Saxon and medieval pits at Gainsborough's House, Sudbury

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Archaeological evaluation and subsequent excavation and monitoring identified features, mostly pits, of Saxon and medieval date. Duplicate record SUY 167 revoked.


Grid reference Centred TL 8723 4132 (16m by 38m)
Map sheet TL84SE


Type and Period (15)

Full Description

Archaeological evaluation identified Late Saxon pits. A large straight-sided Late Saxon feature contained a decorated bone fragment. Medieval and late medieval pits were also observed, with one of these at least 2.4m deep. A Victorian basement had been inserted into the central part of the site. Thick overburden deposits of c.1m depth covered the Saxon and medieval archaeology (S1).

2019-2020: An archaeological excavation and archaeological monitoring were undertaken following the identification of archaeological features and finds during a previous evaluation.
The western edge of the site revealed a complex and deep series of intercutting pits dating from the Late Anglo-Saxon to the medieval period. The earlier pits contained a Sudbury variant of Thetford ware pottery, including some examples of kiln spoilt vessels (‘wasters’). Wasters, loomweight fragments, smithing hearth bases and hammer scale all point to industrial activity in the vicinity. Good bone preservation resulted in a large recovered animal bone assemblage, with some wild species represented. A small number of worked bone fragments were found including a needle and a decorated plate. Other periods represented on site include a large, steep-sided rectangular pit of likely Early Anglo-Saxon (or possibly Iron Age) date. Of particular interest was a set of horse skulls
recovered from the fill. A radiocarbon date is required to determine the date of this feature. Two prehistoric pits were also recorded. (S3). Full report to follow.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • --- Unpublished document: Meredith, J.. 2019. Archaeological Evaluation Report: Gainsborough's House Museum, Sudbury.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Everett, L.. 2017. Archaeological Report, Gainsborough's House, Sudbury.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Meredith, J.. 2020. Post-Excavation Assessment and UPD: Gainsborough's House Museum, Sudbury.

Finds (41)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Sep 16 2022 1:57PM

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