Monument record BLN 047 - Multiphase cropmarks of field boundaries

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Summary

A dispersed and fragmentary cropmark site consisting of multi-period field systems, enclosures and trackways, is visible on aerial photographs. It is thought that the vast majority of cropmarks relate to later prehistoric to Roman date activity, likely to be broadly contemporary with other nearby field system sites (COR 033) and the much more coherent coaxial system to the northwest at Park Farm (SOL 010). It is worth noting that this site includes cropmarks that are likely to represent several phases of activity, some of which may be medieval to post medieval.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 5223 9787 (994m by 1475m)
Map sheet TM59NW
Civil Parish BLUNDESTON, WAVENEY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (8)

Full Description

January 2014. Lothingland, Lowestoft and North Suffolk Coast and Heaths National Mapping Programme.
A dispersed and fragmentary cropmark site consisting of multi-period field systems, enclosures and trackways, is visible on aerial photographs (S1-S11). The site is centred on TM 5220 9811. It is thought that the vast majority of cropmarks relate to later prehistoric to Roman date activity, likely to be broadly contemporary with other nearby field system sites (COR 033) and the much more coherent coaxial system to the northwest at Park Farm (SOL 010).
The main characteristic of the site is a series of broadly parallel fragmentary trackways and linear boundaries, at least one of which appears to show the remains of an accompanying bank on (S3) at TM 5253 9796. The northern part of the site, centred on TM 5209 9805, exhibits a different character and alignment and is defined by more enclosure or fields and less by linear boundaries and trackways. Although many of the boundaries appear to be broadly part of the same system, it is clear that the main areas of enclosures to the north of Oak Farm, represent a different phase and potentially the meeting of two different systems or phases. The general alignment of these enclosures and/or fields is partially parallel to the surrounding landscape and could feasibly indicate a medieval to post medieval date, although it may just reflect the continuing influence of earlier features in landscape development. On morphological grounds these enclosures and fields could be interpreted as being Roman in date. Roman finds have also been found in close proximity (BLN Misc - MSF12042). The enclosures are located in the area of a number of ring ditches, for example BLN 009, BLN 004 and BLN 034, which are most likely to represent the remains of round barrows, however it is also feasible that the concentric examples at least (004 & 009) could relate to later prehistoric domestic enclosures and could be broadly contemporary with the surrounding enclosures and fields.
It is not possible within the current project scope to attempt to refine the phasing of these fragmentary and overlying field systems. Very distinct areas representing a different phase have been recorded separately where possible, for example BLN 048. It is also worth noting that this site includes other cropmarks that are likely to represent several phases of activity, some of which may be medieval to post medieval – for example at TM 5231 9784 – although this area shares alignment with components appearing to be much earlier in date and was therefore included within the site.
S. Horlock (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 3rd January 2014.

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <S1> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/LA/27 3093 05-AUG-1944 (EHA).
  • <S2> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/58/T/5378 F21 0006-7 09-AUG-1962 (EHA).
  • <S3> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAL/66008 V 181-182 22-MAR-1966 (EHA).
  • <S4> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique Aerial Photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service CUC BXH5 15-JUN-1976.
  • <S5> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. Norfolk Historic Environment Record TM 5298E (NLA 31/AFR3) 08-JUL-1976.
  • <S6> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique Aerial Photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service CUC BYB 34 24-JUN-1976.
  • <S7> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique Aerial Photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service NAU TM5198/A/AFR2 08-AUG-1976.
  • <S8> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service Airmap86 43 4386191-4386192 01-AUG-1986.
  • <S9> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique Aerial Photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service NAU HXT9-10, HXV16-17, HXW1-2 02-JUN-1996.
  • <S10> Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique Aerial Photograph. CUCAP BYB35-36 24-JUN-1976.
  • <S11> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photograph. CUCAP BQE 87-88 02-JUL-1974.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Sep 24 2014 1:20PM

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