Monument record CRP 001 - Cropmark of a medieval moated enclosure

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Cropmark of a medieval moated enclosure, showing as an earthwork on 1946 photography, but as a cropmark in later photography.


Grid reference Centred TM 0788 5655 (169m by 233m)
Map sheet TM05NE


Type and Period (4)

Full Description

Circular moat levelled by bulldozer, November 1959, R Jardine (S1). Now shows as an oval soil mark 90m E-W by 70m NW-SE, with a ditch that averages 8m in width. Situated on the alluvial floodplain of the River Gipping. Scatter of red brick and tile fragments noted 1979 (S2). Aerial photographs show a smaller and slighter curving ditch forming an attached enclosure on the N side (S3).
Fieldwalking 1983-4 produced EMed pottery, C13-C14 pottery and a small amount of part-green-glazed pottery, together with a stone mortar and fragments of a bronze pot (S4). Recorded as `Moat Piece', arable, 1 acre 8 perches, owned by Sir William Beauchamp Proctor 1839 (S5).
Shown on OS 1: 10560 map (S3).
Compare FKM 005 & FNN 005.

Earthwork of a medieval moated site, visible on aerial photographs from 1946 (S9) as an extant substantial oval enclosure, with wide ditches up to 8m across. The enclosure is 90m NW-SE and 78m SW-NE. The enclosure was levelled in 1959 (S1) and is clearly visible as a cropmark on subsequent photography. There are numerous cropmarks of ditches and field boundaries associated with the enclosure. Helen Saunders (Essex County Council) December 2013. (S10, S11)

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <S9> Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF/3G/JUD/UK62 Part II/5118-5119 5-Feb-46 (EHA).
  • <S10> Oblique Aerial Photograph: English Heritage Archive. Oblique Aerial Photograph. TM0756/7 30-May-80 (EHA).
  • <S11> Oblique Aerial Photograph: English Heritage Archive. Oblique Aerial Photograph. TM0756/2 29-June-76 (EHA).

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jul 26 2016 4:55PM

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