Monument record IKL 025 - Stone Pit Hill, Town Pit, Rampart Field, Rampart Hill, Icklingham, (Palaeolithic)

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Summary

Gravel Pit, Rampart Field otherwise Rampart Hill or the Town Pit.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 7880 7165 (184m by 87m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL77SE
Civil Parish ICKLINGHAM, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Gravel Pit, Rampart Field otherwise Rampart Hill or the Town Pit. Shown as `Public Pits' on Tithe Map. Probably one of pits known as `Stone Pit Hill'. "Probable source of most of the palaeoliths just marked `Icklingham'". Gravel still being taken in 1950s, now landscaped picnic place. Visited by Prestwick & Evans in 1859 on learning 2 hand-axes found there (R1). Also rolled ovate in Cambridge University Museum and pointed hand-axe & primary flake in Ipswich Museum. Hewitt also refers to `fine late palaeolithic axe' from gravel close to surface (R2). Andrews (R3) & Evans also mention elephant bones probably from this pit (S1).

Also Early Upper Palaeolithic Blade Point, (S3, S4).

"Roe lists several sites on Stone Pit Hill that have yielded one or a few hand-axes: Bottom Pit, Field Pit, Newacks Sand Pit, Road Pit" (R4)(S1).

2018: Section dug as part of the Breckland Palaeolithic Project, (S5).

Note `Stone Pit Hill' also site of Roman cemetery, see also Roman record.

Formerly also mislocated under IKL 044.

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. 131, 132.
  • <S2> Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 22627, 22636.
  • <S3> Digital archive: Jacobi, R.. 2014. Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Lithic Artefact (PaMELA) database. 1596.
  • <S4> Unpublished document: Cutler, Hannah. 2013. Understanding Late Middle Palaeolithic Neandertal Landscape-use during Short-Term Occupations in Britain.
  • <S5> E-mail: Davis, R.. 2020. List of Breckland Palaeolithic Project Fieldwork.
  • <S6> Article in serial: Ashton, N. Davis, R. Kirsty E.H. Penkmane, G. Russell Coopef. 2021. Cultural Mosaics, Social Structure, and Identity: The Acheulean threshold in Europe.
  • <S7> Article in serial: Davis et al. 2021. Palaeolithic archaeology of the Bytham River: Human Occupation of Britain during the Early Middle Pleistocene and its European Context.

Finds (9)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Jun 22 2021 1:03PM

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