Monument record IPS 063 - Holywells Park, Ipswich, (IAS 9002).

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Summary

Historic park associated with Holywells house and Cobbold family, with formal garden, canal (to feed Cobbold's (Cliff) Brewery beside the river), site of watermill and brickworks and kiln/s.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 1755 4349 (714m by 598m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TM14SE
Civil Parish IPSWICH, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (10)

Full Description

Park of historic interest as mapped in (S6).

Associated with Holywells House and Cobbold family, with formal garden, canal (to feed Cobbold's (Cliff) Brewery beside the river), site of watermill and brickworks and kiln/s.
The Park was a 19th century creation incorporatiing earlier landscape features such as a Medieval moat, a watermill and mill pond/s of the late 16th Century at the south end of the park, and a late 17th Century brickworks and kiln/s.

Large quadrilateral moat (of about 1 ha or 6 acres), connected to a linear series of ponds. Wykes Bishop was originally an outlying grange belonging to Queen Edith (in 1066). It was later granted by Richard I to John Oxenford, Bishop of Norwich. It is [incorrectly?] claimed the Bishops of Norwich subsequently had a manor house or palace here. In 1535 it passed to the Crown and was regranted in 1545 to Sir John Jermie. It is also claimed there is some possibility of a church or chapel here

A moat first recorded in a bailiff's account of 1515 though there is no mention of any buildings on the site. Documentary search has failed to locate any evidence for a manor house or palace, though there is a 1515 reference to a barn or grange near the site of the moat. The named 'Holywells' was a 19th century invention - the area was previously known as hollow wells. The Park did not exist before the 19th century, (S2, S6, S7)

1994: Monitoring of footing trench for childrens slide, (S5, S10, S11).
2004: Partial investigation, including geophysical survey of moated area (and part of formal garden), documentary search, limited trenching and augering. Details in (S1-S3, S10, S11).

Date Unknown: Neolithic Stone axe found on the edge of a stream on the east side of the park, (S8).
1937: Bronze age axe, (S9).
1940: Palaeolithic Scraper found, (S10, S11).
2006: Documentary Survey, Evaluation, , See IPS 497.
2007: Monitoring, See IPS 497.

Features visible on Lidar. See associated files.

Sources/Archives (13)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Ellis, C.. 2005. Holywells Park Restoration Project, Ipswich. Archaeological Investigation Report.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Breen A M. May 2004. Holywells Park.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: GSB Prospection. 2004. Geophysical Survey Report. Holywells Park, Ipswich.
  • <S4> Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. Undated. Register of Parks & Gardens of Historic Interest in England.. English Heritage, Register of Parks & Gardens of Historic Interest in England, undated.
  • <S5> Source Unchecked: Suffolk County Council Archaeologcial Service. 1994?. SAU, site report & summary description.
  • <S6> Bibliographic reference: Redstone, Lillian, J.. 1948. Ipswich Through the Ages.
  • <S7> Bibliographic reference: Clarke, G, R.. 1830. History of Ipswich.
  • <S8> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. 1941-45, 1941.
  • <S9> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. 1937-162,1937.
  • <S10> Index: Suffolk Archaeology Unit. 1974. SAU index card and Archive.
  • <S11> Index: Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service. 1974. Ipswich Archaeological Survey Card Index (digital version)..
  • <S12> Index: Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service. 1974. Ipswich Archaeological Survey Card Index (digital version)..
  • <S13> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (10)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (9)

Record last edited

May 26 2021 1:52PM

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