Monument record FLN 009 - Multi-period features, Former Tarmac Quarry, Flixton
Please read our guidance about the use of Suffolk Historic Environment Record data.
|Grid reference||Centred TM 2991 8648 (219m by 389m)|
|Civil Parish||FLIXTON (NEAR BUNGAY), WAVENEY, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (13)
- PIT (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
- PIT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
- DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- TRACKWAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- SQUARE ENCLOSURE (17th century to 19th century - 1601 AD to 1800 AD)
- BUILDING (17th century to 19th century - 1601 AD to 1800 AD)
- DITCH (19th century to 20th century - 1801 AD to 1900 AD)
- TRENCH (Early 20th century to Late 20th century - 1901 AD to 2000 AD)
- FOLLY (17th century to 19th century - 1601 AD to 1800 AD)
- PIT (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- POST HOLE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- STRUCTURE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- CREMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC) + Sci.Date
2003:Evaluation identified deposits relating to a number of archaeological periods. The earliest features were sixteen pits of Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age date. Superficially these features exhibited a similar character to others excavated at Flixton, although the included Grooved Ware pottery was of a different type (Clacton sub-style rather than Durrington Walls sub-style) which could be contemporaneous with or slightly earlier (c.2900 BC) than the previously excavated
assemblages. These may represent structured deposits, with flint tools and pottery sherds deliberately placed within their fills, although the worked flint assemblage did contain a relatively high proportion of general knapping waste, as opposed to worked pieces. It can, therefore, be argued that these deposits were generated by more domestic rather than specialised activities.
A second prehistoric phase, dating to the Late Bronze Age, was represented by four pits, although they did contain c.80% (by weight & number of sherds) of the whole prehistoric pottery assemblage. One of the pits contained a small amount of calcines bone and could possibly be a cremation pit. These features were located in the same general area of the site as the Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age features. In addition, the presence of a relatively large quantity of worked flint and pottery within the topsoil and, more significantly, in pockets of surviving subsoil is suggestive of a generally high level of prehistoric activity. It seems likely, therefore, that more superficial deposits of this date have been truncated by agricultural activity.
While no actual features of medieval date were recorded, the alignment of the pre-mid 19th century route between Flixton and Homersfield was preserved by two parallel ditches that may have flanked a hedgerow on the northern side of the road.
The majority of the archaeological deposits, however, were of post-medieval date. The earliest phase of which included the approximately 30 metres by 30 metres square ditched enclosure and its internal building, defined by a 6 metres by 6 metres square footing of rammed brick and tile. This feature was interpreted as a folly in the parkland associated with Flixton Hall and was probably erected in the 18th century although the dating evidence was ambiguous and an earlier, possibly 11th century, date is also considered as a possibility. Other features attributed to the earlier post-medieval phase were a small group of pits that were thought to represent formal tree-plantings and the redundancy of a ditch which
itself appeared to relate to an earlier, possibly medieval, rectilinear field system.
A second post-medieval phase was associated with a major landscape upheaval in Flixton Park undertaken during the middle of the 19th century when the Flixton to Homersfield road was re-routed to the north to its present location. A tree-lined avenue was also planted at this time, the western side of which was recorded in the excavation area.
The third post-medieval phase related to the l" World War when a large area of Flixton Park was given over to military training the surviving evidence for which is backfilled trenches and latrine pits (S1).
2011: In addition to a few pits of later Neolithic/earlier Bronze Age date, prehistoric features included four post structures of indeterminate Bronze Age or Iron Age date and two unurned cremations: one radiocarbon dated to the Late Neolithic and the other to the Middle - Late Bronze Age. A single sherd of Roman pottery was recovered from a possible four post-structure. A group of eight small Early Anglo-Saxon pits were thought to represent occupation deposits that may have been responsible for the generation of a broadly contemporary cemetery known from c.250m to the south-east of the FLN 009 site. Previously partially excavated in 2003, the remaining part of a square enclosure ditch was recorded. No further dating evidence was recovered and its original interpretation as a possible folly structure associated with Flixton Hall and dating from sometime during the period spanning the 17th to early 19th century remains valid. Other post-medieval features related to the World War I training camps known to have taken place in Flixton Park and to quarrying activities (S2).
- <M1> SSF50072 Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. (S1).
- <S1> SSF51828 Unpublished document: Boulter, S., and Anderson, S.. 2003. Archaeological Evaluation Report: Tarmac Quarry, Flixton, Suffolk.
- <S2> SSF54959 Unpublished document: Boulter, S.. 2011. Archaeological Excavation Archive Report: Former Tarmac Quarry, Flixton.
- FSF30157: POTTERY GROOVED (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
- FSF30158: LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
- FSF30171: POTTERY (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
- FSF30172: LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
- FSF30173: BRICK (IPS: Post Medieval - 1601 AD to 1900 AD)
- FSF30174: TILE (17th century to 19th century - 1601 AD to 1800 AD)
- FSF30175: BOTTLE (First World War - 1914 AD to 1918 AD)
- FSF30176: CARTRIDGE (First World War - 1914 AD to 1918 AD)
- FSF30178: POTTERY (First World War - 1914 AD to 1918 AD)
- FSF30179: CANISTER (FOOD) (First World War - 1914 AD to 1918 AD)
- FSF36616: POTTERY (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (4)
- Event - Interpretation: AP assessment, Flixton quarry (ESF21607)
- Event - Intervention: Evaluation - Tarmac Quarry, Flixton (ESF25977)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation - Former Tarmac Quarry, Flixton (Ref: OASIS-suffolkc1-109694) (ESF21970)
- Event - Survey: Site Visit by SAU (EM) (Ref: SAU (EM)) (ESF13187)
Record last edited
Feb 23 2020 1:47PM