Monument record CAC 026 - Iron Age and Roman features at Carlton Colville bypass
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 515 905 (52m by 26m)|
|Civil Parish||CARLTON COLVILLE, WAVENEY, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (14)
- PIT (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
- PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- DITCH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- POST HOLE (Unknown date)
- STRUCTURE (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- POST HOLE (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- TRENCH (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- CREMATION BURIAL (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- HEARTH (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- RING DITCH (Unknown date)
- POST BUILT STRUCTURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- POST BUILT STRUCTURE (Middle Saxon - 650 AD? to 849 AD?)
2001: An archaeological evaluation carried out on Carlton Colville bypass revealed Iron Age and Roman features. The features consist of postholes, ditches and pits. One pit contained pottery of possible Bronze Age or Neolithic date. Expected Medieval lane not encountered. (S1).
Excavation (final report never produced) - A circular, or rather elliptical, structure was revealed, associated with laurel-leaf flint points, thumb-nail scrapers and Beaker-type pottery suggesting a later Neolithic/earlier Bronze Age date. The structure consists of an outer ring of posts set within a bedding trench c.12m in diamter. The post settings clearly survived as post-pipes and in some cases appear to have been burnt in situ. A gap along the eastern edge indicated an entrance and within this space was placed a threshold burial, surviving as a body stain and accompanied by flint artefacts and a complete collared urn in the grave's upper fill. Within which was an urned cremation, undated. The circular structure was cut by a ditch containing Roman material. This seemed to be part of a series of enclosures of presumed Iron Age to Roman date, which were encountered c.100m to the west at site CAC 001 and extend a further 120m to the east into CAC 026-site 1. Within one area of the CAC 026-site 1 ditch system were at least six four-post structures. There were also 12 hearths, one of which has been dated to the Iron Age by thermoluminescence dating. A small ring-ditch, under 4m in diameter and at present undated, was also excavated at site 1. Unurned cremation burials were encountered both at site 1 and during the monitoring between site 2 and CAC 001.
At CAC 026-site 2, part of a Roman post-built rectangular structure was revealed, possibly superimposed over a circular setting of posts. At site-1, set within the corner of one of the Iron Age/Roman enclosures was a post-hole building 13m long by 6m wide and orientated E-W. Opposed doorways were recognised along the north and south sides; the offset thresholds and the weak corners suggest a Middle Saxon date. Another similar building was revealed during the monitoring of the area between sites 1 and 2 (S2).
2002: Soil evaluation was undertaken on samples from the Prehistoric and Roman up slope area of blown sands and a lower flooded medieval area by a wet ditch. The sandy soils have likely undergone phases of aeolian activity with loss from deflation and sedimentation in hollows through ploughwash, blowing and possibly trampling. It's possible that this area was utilised for discard, animal wallowing, and as a burial ground (?). (S3)
- <S1> SSF56161 Unpublished document: Meredith J,. 2001. Archaeological Evaluation Report: Carlton Colville Bypass (Phase 2).
- <S2> SSF55365 Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 2003. Archaeology in Suffolk 2002. XXXX (3).
- <S3> SSF55822 Unpublished document: Macphail, R. 2002. Soil Evaluation Report - Carlton Colville, Lowestoft, Suffolk.
- FSF40577: POTTERY (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF40578: POTTERY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- FSF40579: POTTERY (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
- FSF40580: POTTERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- FSF40581: COIN (13th century to 14th century - 1272 AD to 1307 AD)
- FSF49726: BLADE LEAF POINT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF49727: THUMB NAIL SCRAPER (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF49729: COLLARED URN (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF49730: CREMATION (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF49731: LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- FSF49732: CINERARY URN (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Record last edited
Nov 2 2022 1:35PM