Monument record ORF 137 - Orford Battle Training Area

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Summary

During the Second World War, an extensive military training area was established between Orford and the River Alde, an account of which is given in bibliographic sources, and evidence of which can be seen as earthworks and structures on 1940s (and later) aerial photographs. The training area encompassed approximately 12 square miles, including the villages of Iken and Sudbourne, which were evacuated. The headquarters were at Sudbourne Hall. The area is most notable for its use for tank training, including preparation for the D-Day landings. Some earthworks and structures relating to the training area still survive.

Location

Grid reference Centred TM 4217 5351 (7567m by 6504m)
Map sheet TM45SW
Civil Parish CHILLESFORD, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK
Civil Parish IKEN, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK
Civil Parish ORFORD, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK
Civil Parish SUDBOURNE, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK
Civil Parish TUNSTALL, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (1)

Full Description

June 2016: During the Second World War, an extensive military training area was established between Orford and the River Alde, an account of which is given in bibliographic sources (S1)-(S2), and evidence of which can be seen as earthworks and structures on 1940s (and later) aerial photographs (see related 'child' records, for example SUE 133). The training area encompassed approximately 12 square miles, including the villages of Iken and Sudbourne which were evacuated. The headquarters were at Sudbourne Hall. The area is most notable for its use for tank training, including preparation for the D-Day landings.
Various elements of the site have been recorded individually. These include SUE 133, a very extensive area of dispersed structures, groups of pits/craters, and anti-tank obstacles, linked by vehicle tracks; CHF 022, the military camp at Sudbourne Hall; SUE 119, a section of mock Atlantic Wall; SUE 139, a vehicle park; IKN 118, anti-tank obstacles on Iken Heath; and IKN 013, a group of shell craters relating to training. Some of the earthworks and structures relating to the training area still survive (SUE 119, for example).
S. Tremlett (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 10th June 2016.

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: Liddiard, R. and Sims, D.. 2015. A Guide to Second World War Archaeology in Suffolk. Guide 3: Orford to Felixstowe. 3 vols.
  • <S2> Monograph: Hegarty, C. and Newsome, S.. 2007. Suffolk's Defended Shore Coastal Fortifications from the Air.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (9)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jun 21 2016 9:36AM

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