Monument record ADT 109 - Cropmarks of settlement enclosures of uncertain date separated out of ADT 001
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 3504 4276 (268m by 306m)|
|Civil Parish||ALDERTON, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (19)
- PIT (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
- GRUBENHAUS? (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
- RING DITCH (Roman to Medieval - 43 AD? to 1539 AD?)
- BUILDING? (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD?)
- BUILDING? (Roman to Medieval - 43 AD to 1539 AD?)
- BUILDING? (Unknown date)
- SETTLEMENT? (Unknown date)
- RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Roman to Late Saxon - 43 AD to 1065 AD)
- RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Saxon to Medieval - 410 AD? to 1539 AD?)
- RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Early Saxon to Medieval - 410 AD? to 1539 AD?)
- RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Roman to Late Saxon - 43 AD? to 1065 AD?)
- SETTLEMENT? (Roman to Late Saxon - 43 AD? to 1065 AD?)
- SETTLEMENT? (Early Saxon to Medieval - 410 AD? to 1539 AD?)
- STRUCTURE? (Roman to Medieval - 43 AD? to 1539 AD?)
- STRUCTURE? (Unknown date)
- RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
- RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
- RING DITCH (Unknown date)
- RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC? to 1001 BC?)
April 2016. Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Beauty National Mapping Programme.
The cropmarks of settlement enclosures of uncertain date are visible on aerial photographs (S1-S3). These cropmarks were previously recorded under ADT 001 – a scheduled area settlement cropmarks of probable later prehistoric or Roman date – due to the fact that clearly represented a separate phase. Due to the complexity and nature of the cropmarks it was hard to completely split the cropmarks relating to the two (or more) phases. The date of this phase is uncertain. Comparing the morphology of the site with recently excavated sites within Suffolk could suggest both a Middle Bronze Age and Saxon to medieval date.
The site consists of a broadly rectilinear enclosure complex with quite significant evidence for internal subdivisions, associated boundaries, trackways and possible structures. The presence of large sub-rectangular pit-like features, possible sunken-features buildings, within the southern enclosure could indicate an early medieval/Saxon settlement within the site. The clearest of these possible structures were mapped and an extent-of-area defines the spread more generally. A number of ring ditches within this area may also relate to contemporary structures or enclosures, however they could feasibly also relate to roundhouses associated with the earlier phase of the site or even Bronze Age round barrows.
The cropmarks recorded under this number are aligned more broadly with the medieval to post medieval landscape, than the remainder of those still recorded under ADT 001. This part of the wider cropmark complex also coincides with the location of a medieval (C15th -16th) pottery scatter (ADT 001/ MSF2752). These finds are broadly located in this area of enclosures and would suggest that this part of the site continues in use until the later medieval period. The enclosures do share some similarities those identified by geophysics and aerial photographs at the Saxon settlement complex at Rendelsham (RLM 013/RLM 072). Alternatively these enclosures may relate to a Roman to Saxon date phase of settlement on top of earlier prehistoric settlement (ADT 001) and the medieval finds may be unrelated to the cropmark remains.
However it is also worth noting the striking similarities between these enclosures and those excavated at Fordham Road, Newmarket, and dated to the Middle Bronze Age (NKT 047) (S4).
S. Horlock (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 20th April 2016.
- <S1> SSF55746 Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service CUCAP BJQ43-44 15-JUL-1972 (Print).
- <S2> SSF55746 Oblique Aerial Photograph: Oblique aerial photograph. Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service CUCAP BYZ51 03-JUL-1976 (Print).
- <S3> SSF55745 Vertical Aerial Photograph: Vertical aerial photograph. CUCAP RC8D 118 26-APR-1968 (Print).
- <S4> SSF56280 Unpublished document: Rees, G.. 2014. An Early to Middle Bronze Age Settlement at Fordham Road, Newmarket. Evaluation and Excavation Report, Oxford Archaeology East Report 1443 (unpublished draft).
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Record last edited
Jan 6 2017 3:28PM