Monument record EXG 023 - Roman well, Pinewood Stud Newmarket

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Well, cut into chalk, total depth 53 feet.


Grid reference Centred TL 6271 6460 (50m by 50m)
Map sheet TL66SW


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

Well, cut into chalk, total depth 53 feet. Excavated by amateurs to 29 feet, then by Cambridge Archaeology Field Club. Chalk masonry wall found in top 4 feet. The backfill probably a deliberate infill of circa C3. Finds: Bronze tweezers, rings, bone pins, few coins, pottery sherds late C2 to end C3, including Nene Valley (S1). Details in (S2).

Excavated in 1956-57. It was filled with the contents of a centuries old rubbish dump and as well as late 2nd to late 3rd or early 4th century pottery including Samian and colour-coated ware, there were over 80 small finds including hob nails, fragments of glass, pieces of thin bronze sheet, iron and bronze objects, bone pins, animal bones, oyster shells, and six coins from Hadrian to Contantine I. No building debris was found. (2)

There are now no traces of the sites of these wells, the former falling within a pasture field and the latter within an afforested area. Nothing visible on OS air photographs. (3)

The site is located 200 yards South East of well EXG 002.

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <S1> Map: Ordnance Survey. OS 6" 1959.
  • <S2> Article in serial: Johnston, D.E.. 1959. A Roman Well at Exning, Suffolk.
  • <S3> Source Unchecked: RCHME?. Various. Field Investigators Comments. F1 ASP 27-FEB-68.
  • <S4> Photograph: RAF. 1963. Aerial Photograph, RAF 2F22/543/2409 0197-8.
  • <S5> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL66SW3.
  • <S6> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (19)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Dec 9 2020 12:43PM

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