Monument record BSE 005 - Northumberland Avenue, Mildenhall Road Estate. (Sax)

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Summary

Saxon inhumation burials, C6-C7, found accidentally and in subsequent excavations.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 846 658 (51m by 50m) (Approximate)
Map sheet TL86NW
Civil Parish BURY ST EDMUNDS, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Saxon inhumation burials, C6-C7.
Remains of two skeletons, said to be together in a shallow grave, found in a gas main trench by the side of Northumberland Avenue in Dec 1954 at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) according to BSEMH map (S7). Artefacts recovered were a toilet set (circular bowl spoon, bodkin and ? "ear scoop" - broken) on wire ring, tubular bronze bracelet, solid silver ring (one and half inches diameter, 2 hook terminals), blue glass bead and 2 bronze fragments, 1 with a rivet. Most of the material, including the skeletons, had been disturbed by the time it was collected. Found at a depth of cira 2 feet. Trial trenches driven for several yards to N and S without further finds (R1)(S1)(S2)(S7). At the time the inhumations were assumed to be Rom but the artefacts and later nearby finds more probably Sax (? C7).
Human bones and a shield boss found in digging a pit for house drainage in Nov 1955. Skull and further artefacts retrieved by Edwardson. Said to be 50 yards from the previous find (S4) and marked at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) on BSEMH map (S7). Finds include iron spearhead with split socket, sugar loaf shield boss, grip and rivets and two bronze buckles. Grave, 3 feet 6 inches below surface (S5)(R2).
Four other skeletons uncovered circa 100 yards away in graves 2 feet deep into chalk. Lying at right angles to one another, nearly touching in two cases, and appeared to be hurried burials. No associated objects. These presumably include `28/9/57 two skeletons in shallow graves in chalk. No material', sited with a cross to (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s)(S7) although this spot is marked very close (circa 10m-20m) to the 1955 site (R3)(S6)(S3). This account also says that three male skeletons were destroyed in the 1955 find above (S6).
All accounts give the same 6-figure grid reference for all the finds though see BSEMH map references above (S7).
These burials are possibly related to C19 finds on Tollgate Lane - see BSE 059.

Sources/Archives (14)

  • <M1> (No record type): Sax corpus: drawings.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, LXIV, 23, (report by Edwardson, Jan 1955); XI, 29,92 (cuttings EADT 29th & 30th Dec 1954); .
  • <R1> Article in serial: Smedley, N. and S. E. West. 1955. Archaeology in Suffolk, 1954- 1955. PSIA 27, 1955, 42.
  • <M2> (No record type): Microfilm: (S7).
  • <S2> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Bury St Edmunds, Rom.
  • <R2> (No record type): Evison V, Antiq J, 43, 1963, fig 18 (sugar loaf shield bosses).
  • <S3> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL86NW7.
  • <R3> (No record type): Edwardson A R, letter to A L Savill, Nov 1958.
  • <S4> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, LXIV, 15 (cutting EADT 10th Nov 1955).
  • <S5> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card Bury St Edmunds, AS.
  • <S6> (No record type): Meaney, A.. 1964. A Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites. Meaney A, Gazetteer of early Anglo-Saxon burial sites, 1964.
  • <S7> (No record type): BSEMH, 6 inch record map, 44 NW, A R Edwardson entry, 24 December 1954.
  • <S8> Bibliographic reference: Geake, H.. 1997. The use of grave-goods in conversion-period England.
  • <S9> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (7)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Mar 9 2021 1:41PM

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