Monument record IXW 005 - Early Anglo-Saxon cemetery Byways and Riverside Paddocks, Stow Road. (Sax)

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Summary

Early Anglo-Saxon cemetery partially excavated, inhumation and cremation.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 933 701 (118m by 108m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL97SW
Civil Parish IXWORTH, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (6)

Full Description

Early Anglo-Saxon cemetery, inhumation and cremation.
Finds in 1868 and 1871 may come from this site: a pair of cruciform brooches found on the shoulders of a skeleton in (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) in 1868 (see Misc - CRN 07240) and discoveries in 1871 in (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) of an iron sword with traces of wooden scabbard, spearhead, knife and three shield bosses, two of which retained their handles. "In the same meadow" a bronze disc pin head, gilded, with interlace and animal design in four quadrants similar to Witham example (S1)(R1). This account is confused by attributing the 'Ixworth Cross' finds to the same site as the 1871 finds, whereas Warren clearly states that the gold cross and brooch were found at Stanton in 1856 (S2). (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s)(S3).
Fragments of cremation urns found in the garden of Byways in 1946 by (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) - about 12 urns represented (S4). Fragments of two of these given to Ipswich Museum (per Major G Kilner?) one of which contained human bone and the other stamped with crosses and swastikas. These mis-located by IPSMG to (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (S5) but correlate with drawings etc. in Basil Brown archive (S4). Another urn fragment at IPSMG is attributed by them to Brown, site 22 at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). Also found at Byways were a fragment of shale comb and a rusted metal object (possible brooch ?)(S4).
Metal detected finds from (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) include the foot of a cruciform brooch, a fragment of a gilded square-headed brooch, a possibly burnt brooch wing fragment. Also a lead weight with a gilded bronze relief human head set into it (S7). The head is probably Irish, C8, and resembles the head of crucified Christ on a mount from Hofstad, Norway; it may come from a shrine. The fragment was re-used to decorate a Viking weight in C9 or C10 (S11). There is also a LSax sword from this field (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s)(S7). Area of site corresponds to that marked by Robert Erskine on map as `Saxon urn field' (S10).
Thetford ware pottery sherds found near to lead weight spot after topsoil disturbance (S12).
February 2001: Evaluation trenching prior to proposed development revealed three Early Anglo-Saxon graves (part of larger cemetery), and Neo, Rom & Med finds. Details in (S13).
Also Rom & Med.

Sources/Archives (19)

  • <M1> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Basil Brown archive: volumes, maps, card index.
  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: 1911. VCH Suffolk 1. 336-337 (ill).
  • <R1> (No record type): J Brit Archaeol Assoc, 27, 259, fig. 3 & pl. 12, fig. 2.
  • <S2> (No record type): Warren J, Journ Ms, 1866, 177-179.
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: location map, finds reports, drawings, copy (S11).
  • <S3> (No record type): Coleman Mrs S, 1981.
  • <M3> (No record type): Photograph: AWM 7, 8 (brooch).
  • <M4> (No record type): BSEMH archive: microfilm (of S10) & notes.
  • <S4> Unpublished document: Basil Brown. Basil Brown Archive. Brown B, III 1,15-16,21,22,45,51,84-85; XCIII 56,58,88; XCVI 50; LXXXIX 101-103; map 52a ("Cross Hou.
  • <S5> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. IPSMG, card 1951-86 1,2 & 1951-81.
  • <M5> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. (S13).
  • <S6> (No record type): Myres, Catalogue of Anglo-Saxon pottery, no. 3367.
  • <S7> (No record type): Smith A, IMDC, 1987.
  • <S8> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL97SW26 (includes Ixworth Cross).
  • <S9> (No record type): Meaney, A.. 1964. A Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites. Meaney A, Gazeteer of Early Anglo Saxon Burial Sites, 1964, 228-229.
  • <S10> (No record type): BSEMH, 6 inch record map, 34 SW, Erskine entry, undated.
  • <S11> (No record type): Young S ed, The Work of Angels, Masterpieces of Celtic Metalwork, 6th- 9th cent AD, British Museum 1.
  • <S12> (No record type): Smith A, 1991.
  • <S13> Unpublished document: Topham-Smith, C.. 2001. Archaeological Evaluation Report. Riverside Paddocks, Stow Road, Ixworth.

Finds (15)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Apr 7 2020 12:14PM

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