Monument record ARG 025 - A World War II coastal battery and associated features.
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 47489 61556 (319m by 358m)|
|Civil Parish||ALDRINGHAM CUM THORPE, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (7)
- BEACH DEFENCE (Second World War - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
- PILLBOX (Second World War - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
- ROADBLOCK (Second World War - 1939 AD to 1940 AD)
- BARBED WIRE OBSTRUCTION (Second World War - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
- SLIT TRENCH (Second World War - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
- COASTAL BATTERY (Second World War - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
- WALL (IPS: Modern - 1901 AD? to 2050 AD?)
A World War II coastal battery and some associated features are visible as structures and earthworks on aerial photographs, centred on TM47606158. The battery is first visible on aerial photographs of 1940, as two gun houses in the grounds of The Dower House, Sizewell, two possible searchlight batteries on the cliff edge and a possible observation towers in the grounds of the Dower house. The structures appear to be newly constructed and the site was probably one of a number of emergency batteries that were built in 1940 (S1, S2). The road block at circa TM47596169 is already in place at this time, and was probably an early coastal anti-invasion feature, but the associated probable pillbox is not visible until December 1941. By 1941 further structures have been built immediately behind the gun houses and elsewhere in the grounds of the Dower House, centred on TM47516148, and many of the battery structures are now disguised (S3). A number of slit trenches are also dug to guard the perimeter of the site. By June 1942 barbed wire obstructions have been installed to further defend the site (S4) and also augment the coastal defences. The site is clearly visible on photographs from 1946 (S5). By 1975 a number of the structures have been retained and are visible on aerial photography (S6).
Also seen as part of the field survey of the Suffolk Coast - square concrete block buried in sand at intertidal level. 3m square, 20cm visible (thick). 4 metal rods set into top, standing 2-4cm proud. S7.
Also square brick built structure with heavy concrete roof. Divided into 3 rooms inside. Not standard pill box but with 4 rifle/gun points overloking sea and 4 to rear (E & W). Two large openings to N and one to S. Entrance on S facing wall. Gun ports look to be later additions - cuts into existing brick work. Evidence of previous extensions to N and S walls - concrete floors in undergrowth and unpointed brickwork on walls. S7
Also concrete block built wall running adjacent to site along cliff top for 90m. Has been pierced by numerous gun/rifle ports. S7
- <S1> SSF50005 Photograph: RAF. Air Photograph. RAF 2/BR11/14 13-11 08-Jul-1940.
- <S2> SXS50096 Monograph: Lowry B (Ed.). 1996. 20th Century Defences in Britain: An Introductory Guide. pp94-104.
- <S3> SSF50005 Photograph: RAF. Air Photograph. RAF 2A/BR167 18-16 17-Dec-1941.
- <S4> SSF50005 Photograph: RAF. Air Photograph. RAF AC/59 116-114 19-Jun-1942.
- <S5> SSF50005 Photograph: RAF. Air Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1673 3228-3229 28-Jul-1946.
- <S6> SXS50090 Photograph: Meridian Airmaps Ltd. Meridian - Air Photograph. NMR MAL/75038 249-250 07-Jun-1975.
- <S7> SSF50130 Unpublished document: Suffolk County Council Archaeologcial Service. 2003. Assessment Report, Rapid Field Survey of the Suffolk Coast and Intertidal Zone. Everett et.al. 2003.
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Record last edited
Aug 4 2022 2:40PM