Monument record DBN 132 - Bronze Age Cremations and Early Anglo Saxon Pits at Cherry Tree Public House, Debenham
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 1751 6289 (78m by 61m)|
|Civil Parish||DEBENHAM, MID SUFFOLK, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (5)
2010: An archaeological evaluation was carried out at the Cherry Tree Public House, Debenham, in advance of a small residential and commercial development. Five trenches, with a total length of 110m, were excavated across the proposed development site. Two ditches, a small number of indistinct features, which may have been postholes but were at too great a depth to safely examine, and two Bronze Age cremation burials, one of which was urned, were identified and recorded (S1).
2012: Archaeological excavation in advance of the construction of new housing at Cherrytree Inn, Debenham revealed the presence of five urned (Deverel-Rimbury urns) and five unurned cremations of middle Bronze Age date. Two radio carbon dates were obtained from cremated bone from two features and these were dated to 1425-1263 and 1417-1257. The liminal nature of the topography of the site suggests that the burials fit in with a wider noted trend in Bronze Age burial practices for cemeteries to be located on the edges of landscape features, and often in relation to rivers and/or bodies of water.
A number of pits of early Anglo-Saxon date were located with some containing domestic hearth debris and one contained a glass bead of Knoch type 34. The presence of defined features of Anglo-Saxon date is the first time that stratified remains have been identified of this period in/around Debenham and may point to further Anglo-Saxon deposits being located to the south of the present town (S2).
2014: Excavation identified a further 4 un-urned and 1 urned cremations and a medieval ditch (S3). Radiocarbon dates were taken from two bone samples and were dated to 1349 cal BC and 1235 cal BC
Radiocarbon dates for 5 samples of the cremated human bone gave dates of between 1425-1193 cal BC (S4).
- <S1> SSF54677 Unpublished document: Sommers, M. 2011. Archaeological Evaluation Report, Cherry Tree Public House, Debenham.
- <S2> SSF55619 Unpublished document: Cass S. 2012. Archaeological Excavation Reoprt, Cherrytree Inn, Debenham.
- <S3> SSF55623 Unpublished document: Cass, S.. 2014. Archaeological Excavation Report: Cherry Tree Inn (phase 2), Debenham.
- <S4> SSF50272 Unpublished document: Radiocarbon date report. Scottish Univer Envir Res Centre, July 2012.
- FSF36199: POTTERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- FSF36200: POTTERY (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
- FSF36201: POTTERY (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- FSF38491: BEAD (IPS: Early Anglo-Saxon to IPS: Early Middle Saxon - 580 AD to 650 AD)
- FSF38493: CREMATION (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC) + Sci.Date
- FSF38494: MICROLITH (Mesolithic - 9000 BC to 4000 BC)
- FSF38495: CORE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF50174: BLADE (Star Carr Type Mesolithic to Late Neolithic - 9000 BC to 2351 BC)
- FSF50175: FLAKE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF50176: NOTCHED FLAKE (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
- FSF50177: FLAKE (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2351 BC)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (4)
- Event - Interpretation: Enhancement of the Suffolk HER for the Palaeolithic & Mesolithic Periods (ESF26899)
- Event - Intervention: Evaluation at Cherry Tree Public House, Debenham (Ref: OASIS-suffolkc1-90233) (ESF21715)
- Event - Intervention: Excavation - Cherry Tree Inn (Phase 2), Debenham (Ref: OASIS-suffolkc1-151294) (ESF22775)
- Event - Intervention: Monitoring, Cherrytree Inn, Debenham (Ref: OASIS-suffolkc1-122675) (ESF22787)
Record last edited
Nov 7 2022 10:43AM