Monument record BRH 001 - Broomfield Pit, Barham, (Palaeolithic).

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Tongue-shaped Acheulean hand axe from the valley gravels, Broomfield Pit, Barham. Occasional other flints, human femur fragment and plentiful mammalian bones.


Grid reference Centred TM 120 518 (550m by 888m)
Map sheet TM15SW


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

31 Oct, 1966: Tongue-shaped Acheulean hand axe from the valley gravels, Broomfield Pit, Barham. This is the first specimen of its age so far as is known from this site. Reported (and presumably retained) by H E P Spencer, 43 Benacre Road, Ipswich, (S2).

Also pre 1966?: Also a crude handaxe in ipswich Museum, four flakes and two Levallois flakes, (S3, S4).

Jacobi identifies a Terminal Upper Palaeolithic componenet of a blade core, blades and long blades, (S5, S6).

Wymer notes that a human femur from this pit is in Ipswich Museum. It is unclear the exact provenance of the artefacts (see other adjacent pits, with overlapping names) and human and faunal remains, the gravels are clearly of various ages, (S4).

Close to (and associated with by Wymer) Eastall's Pit in Barham (see BRH 003 and BRH 023).

Area of pit after Mowat, (S7).

Probably the origin of items from Claydon, (S4, S3).

Also Iron Age pottery from same pit - see BRH 005.

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <S1> Index: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. 1966-125 (flakes), also others.
  • <S2> Article in serial: Owles, E. J. and N. Smedley. 1966. Archaeology in Suffolk, 1966. XXX.3, pp. 275–283..
  • <S3> Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. 206 & 378.
  • <S4> Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 22730, 22733.
  • <S5> Bibliographic reference: Billington, L, P.. 2016. Lithic Scatters and Landscape Occupation in the Late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic: A Case Study from Eastern England.. P 163.
  • <S6> Digital archive: Jacobi, R.. 2014. Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Lithic Artefact (PaMELA) database. 253, 6950, 6951.
  • <S7> Unpublished document: Mowat, R.. 1976. SAU, Mowat R, site reports, BRH 023, 1976.
  • <S8> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (9)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Jun 15 2021 1:40PM

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