Monument record ELV 006 - Elveden Brickyard, Elveden, (Palaeolithic)

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Summary

Acheulean industry found in brickearth pit.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 809 804 (116m by 89m)
Map sheet TL88SW
Civil Parish ELVEDEN, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (2)

Full Description

Acheulean industry found in brickearth pit 1897-1914, one of three hand- axes in Elveden Museum is marked "Elveden Brickyard, found 20 feet below the surface. Dec 1899" (S2).

Excavations 1938 in disused pit (3 sections). Numerous flakes, cores (circa 600) and 11 hand- axes and fragments found in excavations, almost all in one layer, which was argued was interglacial fluvial deposits, and fresh.
Circa 70 hand-axes found previously, also fresh.

1967: Three sections by Sieveking (unpublished) recovered over fifty artefacts in BM (S3).

1995: Two week excavation cut six sections in one test pit identified in situ flint industry set in geological and environmental context. Details in (S3).

August 1996: Four weeks further excavations. Details in (S4). For other Palaeolithic deposits at Elveden see ELV 025 & ELV Misc.

British museum excavations ran until 1999.

See also see ELV Misc Pal, ELV 006 Neolithic & Roman records.

Scientific dating report on British Aggregates by English Heritage (S5).

There is much disgreement over the provenenace of a single "Bout Coupe" handaxe or flat butted cordate, (S9)

See also (S10-S12).

Sources/Archives (15)

  • <S1> Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. Wymer J J, Palaeolithic sites of E Anglia, Norwich, 1985, 110-113, 390 (ill).
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Pendleton C. 1989. Elveden Museum Finds List, January 1989. SAU, Pendleton C, Elveden Museum Finds List, January 1989.
  • <S3> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1995. Archaeology in Suffolk 1995. XXXVIII (4).
  • <S4> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1997. Archaeology in Suffolk 1996. XXXIX (1).
  • <S5> Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. 2008. British Aggregates Scientific Dating Report, no. 6-2008. English Heritage, British Aggregates Scientific Dating Report, no.6-2008.
  • <S6> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL88SW3.
  • <S7> Bibliographic reference: Roe, Derek.. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower & Middle Palaeolithic sites. Roe D, PPS 34, 1968, 7, 13.
  • <S8> Article in serial: PATERSON, T. T. & FAGG, B. E. B.. 1940. Studies on the Palaeolithic Succession in England, Studies on the Palaeolithic Succession in England,,No II: the Upper Brecklandian Acheul (Elveden). Patterson T T and Fagg B E B, PPS 6, 1940, 1-29.
  • <S9> Unpublished document: Cutler, Hannah. 2013. Understanding Late Middle Palaeolithic Neandertal Landscape-use during Short-Term Occupations in Britain.
  • <S10> Article in serial: White, M.J. & Ashton, N; Bridgland.. 2019. Twisted Handaxes in Middle Pleistocene Britain and their Implications for Regional-scale Cultural Variation and the Deep History of Acheulean Hominin Groups.
  • <S11> Article in serial: Nick Ashton, Simon Lewis, Simon Parfitt,Ian Candy,. 2005. Excavations at the Lower Palaeolithic site at Elveden, Suffolk, UK.
  • <S12> Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 22691.
  • <S13> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1998. Archaeology in Suffolk 1997. XXXIX (2).
  • <S14> Article in serial: Martin, E.A., Pendleton, C. & Plouviez, J.. 1999. Archaeology in Suffolk 1998. XXXIX (3).
  • <S15> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.

Finds (10)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (5)

Record last edited

Mar 16 2021 1:32PM

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