Monument record IPS 382 - County Hall, Ipswich, (IAS 6701).

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Trenched evaluation in advance of residential development to rear of County Hall building revealed evidence for Saxon activity in an area fronting onto Bond Street.


Grid reference Centred TM 16814 44500 (53m by 35m)
Map sheet TM14SE


Type and Period (10)

Full Description

2003: Desk Based Assessment. A desktop survey of the County Hall complex in advance of vacating by SCC revealed a rich history. Sax pottery industry was located in the Cox lane/Carr Street area so occupation along this frontage was likely. A large proportion of the site has been built over at one time or another since 1786, including Ipswich prison so deep ground disturbance is likely (S4).
Also formed part of the site of the County Gaol, demolished in 1930s. It is documented that the foundations for the gaol were systematically grubbed out which is likely to have severely damaged or destroyed earlier remains. (S1).

2007: Trenched evaluation in advance of residential development to rear of County Hall building revealed evidence for Saxon activity in an area fronting onto Bond Street, features including a rammed pebble surface and a ditch both associated with Middle Saxon and Late Saxon pottery. Evidence of a brick walls associated with a concrete floor were noted. A large pit, a small pit and circular pit features were identified, finds suggest a late 18th-19th century date. A shallow feature was identified, the finds indicate a Middle Saxon date, along with a ditch with numerous sherds of Late Saxon pottery. Several other features, including a ditch and gully were identified. The Ipswich ware pottery is unlikely to be related to a kiln however Thetford-type ware pottery may have come from the kiln nearby to the north-west. Other finds include fragments of animal bones with evidence of butchery and cutmarks, as well as the shafts of two probable human tibia (S1).

See also (S2, S3).

2008: Subsequent excavation was conducted under the western wing which revealed a ditch and the incomplete remains of 6 human adults thought to be Roman or Early Saxon (S5).

Sources/Archives (6)

  • --- Unpublished document: IPSMG. Ipswich Museum Extension Books.
  • <S1> Unpublished document: Sommers, M.. 2007. ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION REPORT COUNTY HALL, IPSWICH SMR ref. IPS 382 (Ipswich SMR ref. IAS 6701).
  • <S2> Unpublished document: 2003. County Hall, Ipswich, Archaeological Desk-based AssessmentDecember 2003 Archaeological Desk-based Assessment December 2003.
  • <S3> Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. 1920-53.73, 1920-5.
  • <S4> Machine readable data file: Suffolk County Council Archaeologcial Service. 2017. Ipswich PMED Records Spreadsheet.
  • <S5> Unpublished document: Anderson, S.. 2008. Human Skeletal Remains from County Hall, Ipswich (IAS 6701).

Finds (13)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Record last edited

Oct 2 2017 1:56PM

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