Monument record FAS 050 - Land North-West of Bury St Edmunds, Fornham All Saints

Please read our .

Summary

The site has been subject to a suite of evaluation techniques (fieldwalking, metal detecting, geophysical survey, trenched evaluation) and is subject to ongoing archaeological excavation by Suffolk Archaeology CIC. In the north-eastern part of the development area, work has revealed a concentration of Iron Age features, particularly ‘storage pits’ of a type characteristic of domestic sites of that date excavated in the region. A trackway pre-dating the pits is recorded across the site. Iron-Age and Roman remains were identified in the topographically higher western and south-western part of the development area. The Roman area has been partly compromised by quarrying but appears to be an enclosed rural site mainly of 2nd-3rd century date, with some finds into the later Roman period. Also on this higher ground, Bronze Age cremations were identified which add to the corpus of those recorded at the adjacent golf course and, more generally, to the number of known Bronze Age funerary arenas overlooking river valleys. A Bronze-Age burnt mound on the high ground at the west of the site.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 836 665 (1226m by 1107m)
Map sheet TL86NW
Civil Parish FORNHAM ALL SAINTS, ST EDMUNDSBURY, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (19)

Full Description

2013: Phase 1 evaluation involved the excavation of 120 evaluation trenches across the northern and southern areas.
The surviving archaeology across Area 1 is characterised by a collection of later Iron Age pits at the eastern side, which are in close proximity to an undated, possible droveway. Several undated ditches in close proximity (including those recorded in Areas 7 and 2) have the potential to prepresent systems emanating from this droveway. However, some of thise undated ditches are post-medieval. A smaller collection of pits was recorded in the eastern section, which included a silt fill pit with as small assemblage of Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age evidence. A second possible droveway containing Iron Age pottery was also recorded at the eastern end of Area 5. The area contained a number of ditches which on two occasions contained prehistoric pottery, the remaining ditches were undated. A concentration of Roman finds was recovered from two parallel ditches which are likely to represent a localised boundary system. Area 6 contained a few sparsely distributed pits containing prehistoric evidence. Additionally a shallow surviving Early Bronze Age cremation was excavated towards the south-east corner of the area. Ditches were recorded across the area 6 of which some reflected the alignments seen in Area 5 and may be a continuation of a larger boundary system (S1).

2013: Phase 2 evaluation involved the excavation of 156 trenches across the central and southern areas of the site, which recorded archaeological activity which chiefly concentrated towards the south corner of the site. A further 13 trenches were opened in Area 3 identifying a ditch which is a continuation of the now partial boundary marked by the tree line, post-medieval CBM was recovered. A single Roman coin was found in Area 4, as well as a large circular pit. Finds from the pit included post-medieval CBM. A small patch of burnt material containing fragmentary Iron Age pottery was cut into a silt filled hollow. The deposit may be the surviving base of a cremation deposit, no evidence of burning in-situ was present. Investigations in Area 5 targeted a linear anomaly identified by geophysical survey, which resolved that the anomaly was a ditch. A small quantity of prehistoric pottery was recovered, as well as a Roman knife dated to the Flavian era (70-100AD). Six ditches were recorded in close proximity and have tentatively been interpreted as the same features. Abraded pot fragments were recovered from the ditches and have been identified as Bronze Age and Iron Age. Roman CBM was also recovered. Early Prehistoric flint was recovered from three ditches, whilst the other 3 contained Iron Age, Roman evidence or undated. A posthole containing Bronze Age pottery and three pieces of struck flint was also revealed. Two quarry pits, a probable pit and a ditch were recorded in Area 7, pottery (12th-14th century) was recovered from the pits. A Modern pit, undated ditch, ditch terminus, posthole, pit were seen across the site.

Combined with the results from Phase 1, the evaluation had identified moderage concentrations of archaeology towards the northern and southern portions of the site. Bronze Age and Iron Age activity are primarily located in area 1 in the north of the site, with a lower quantity present across the souther corner of Area 4, 5 and 6 which is the middle and south of the site. Roman activity is well localised across the central portion of Area 5 in the south east of the site, whilst the occasional medieval archaeology is focused in Area 7 which is the western part of the site (S2).

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <S1> Unpublished document: Beverton, A.. 2013. Archaeological Evaluation, Land North-West of Bury St Edmunds, Fornham All Saints.
  • <S2> Unpublished document: Beverton, A.. 2013. Archaeological Evaluation, Land North-West of Bury St Edmunds, Phase 2, Fornham All Saints.

Finds (30)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Nov 1 2017 1:49PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.