Monument record WIX 003 - Roman Town Water Hall Farm, Roman (Roman)

Please read our .


Roman settlement including building at WIX 001.


Grid reference Centred TL 571 243 (581m by 523m) Centred on
Map sheet TL52SE


Type and Period (7)

Full Description

Rom scatter including building at WIX 001. Coins found, including Nero and Constans (1803) in Ensford Field.
Pottery C1-C2, found in rubbish pits (1929, 1936).
Rubbish pits found in N & NE face of gravel pit at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) (OS 1950). Roof and flue tile, tesserae, window glass and wall plaster found in levelling depression at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s). Also C1-C2 coins, late C1 brooch, pottery, iron waste (1955).
Area fieldwalked by HDAG 1977 - (finds recorded as WIX 001). Coin hoard, burials & ? Enclosure in Sturmer, Essex, adjacent to site. Bronze frog/toad figurine from Water Hall Farm vicinity (drawing in parish file)(R5).
Metal detected finds 1986-1987: bronze coins C1-C4 (up to Honorius), silver coins C1, C3, C4, brooches Colchester, Colchester derivative, Hod Hill, fragment of animal. Toilet implement (? Nail cleaner) fragment, pin, bracelet.
Further finds 1987 included large coin group (mainly C3-C4), bronze cosmetic palette with animal head, spoons, probe, finger ring, brooches and a denarius of Faustina reworked as a intaglio (S1)(S2).
Cremation group, three pottery vessels, found in side of a modern ditch at (see 'Not to be published on web' tab for finder/s and/or findspot/s) during pumping of water (S3). Cremated bone in a grey ware medium-mouthed jar, Samian ware form Dr. 42 as lid and fine grey biconical cups accompanying. Probably early C2 group (S4).
1992-4: Metal detected finds included bronze miniature axe, bracelet fragments, brooches (2,991), coins etc - plotted in gridded areas (S1). N.B. See Arttype for full list of artefacts.
Gold jewellery found while metal detecting in 1999. Details in S5.
2005:Geophysical survey identified linear and discrete anomilies (S6)
2009: Fieldwalking identified a large collection of Roman pottery dating from the 2nd to the 4th centuries and Roman tiles.
2010: Evaluation identified various Roman features (S8).
2011: Excavation identified various Roman features (see WIX 022) (S9).
See also Un, IA & Sax
2023:Additional information on Roman coins and small finds of C1-2 brooches, ring, bracelet, disc and Medieval folded sheet including images (S12).

Sources/Archives (19)

  • <S1> (No record type): Allen A (HDAG), per SAU (Plouviez J), 1987-1994, ill.
  • <R1> Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TL74SW16,19.
  • <M1> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish Files. Parish file: drawings, copy (R2), finds reports, maps.
  • <S2> (No record type): Journal HDAG, 4, 1986, (2), fig 24b.
  • <R2> (No record type): Walford T, Archaeologia 14, 1803, 71.
  • <M2> (No record type): Photograph: BLC 15-16.
  • <S3> (No record type): Taylor Mr, Anglian Water, per SAU Ipswich, 1990.
  • <R3> (No record type): Fox, Arch Camb Reg, 207.
  • <S4> (No record type): Plouviez J, SAU, finds report, 1990.
  • <R4> Bibliographic reference: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology. PSIA, 1955, 46.
  • <R5> (No record type): Britannia, 1982, 239-244.
  • <S5> Digital archive: E. Martin. 1999. Portable Antiquities Database. Allen, A., per Plouviez, J., SCCAS. sf396/3311. 1999.
  • <S6> Unpublished document: Bunn, D. and Masters, P.. 2005. Gradiometer survey of Land at Wixoe, Suffolk.
  • <S7> Unpublished document: 2009. Archaeological Fieldwalking Report, Kirtling Green to Wixoe Pipeline Route, Suffolk.
  • <S8> Unpublished document: Krawiec K & Mann P. 2010. Archaeological Evaluation Report, at Kirtling Green to Wixoe Pipeline Route.
  • <S9> Unpublished document: Atkins, R.. 2012. Excavations at Wixoe Roman Town, Post-Excavation Assessment and Updated Project Design.
  • <S10> Bibliographic reference: Rodwell, W. and Rowley, T. 1975. The "small towns" of Roman Britain : papers presented to a conference, Oxford 1975.
  • <S11> Digital archive: Historic England. National Record Of the Historic Environment.
  • <S12> Personal Correspondence: Cudderford, M. 2023. Additional information on Roman coins and small finds.

Finds (50)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (6)

Record last edited

Mar 15 2024 1:28PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.