Monument record IPS 018 - Warren Livingstone Pit, Bramford Road, (Sproughton Road), Ipswich, (IAS 7905).
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|Grid reference||Centred TM 139 454 (514m by 164m)|
|Civil Parish||IPSWICH, IPSWICH, SUFFOLK|
Type and Period (1)
c. 1918-1930: Investigations by J. R. Moir. Palaeolithic implements, including cordate flint hand-axes, blade flakes, crusted flake, gouge flake, tongue-shaped implements, Mousterian (Bout coupé?) hand-axes and flakes, Solutrean leaf shaped implement, various flake implements, (S1-S3).
The recovery of artefacts by suction pump makes making definite claims of direct associations at Bramford road difficult. There is a large collection of handaxes of varying condition as well as several hundred flakes, Levallois products and a number of Upper Palaeolithic types including EUP (LRJ rather than Solutrean) leaf points. Pettitt and white (S11) argue convincingly, that all British examples claimed to be Solutrean are in fact Earlier Leaf points. There is also a Gravettian Font-Robert point and a Late Glacial bruised blade. Dating of the Middle Palaeolithic examples is complex and has been described in some detail by White and Jacobi. Moir (1930) believed that the Middle Palaeolithic objects came from a peaty loam below a 5-6m OD terrace of the River Gipping on the strength of his observations at the nearby site at Constantine road and more importantly on the loam adhering to the Middle Palaeolithic artefacts. The fauna is very limited, but includes Mammoth, Woolly Rhinoceros and Reindeer. This is consistent with a generalised Devensian age but the mixed and derived character of the collection means that they could be Devensian or could be older. Following Moir’s description of the stratigraphy it can be said that the Palaeolithic artefacts came from between 4 and 5m OD. The limited fauna suggests cool, steppic grassland. Pollen of Betula, Pinus and Alnus does not contradict this, (S4)
c. 1918-1962: other monitoring. Neolithic pottery, including rim of Peterborough ware, portion of retouched grey flint axe and part of discoid hammer. Bronze age urn, fragments of very coarse, gritty red ware with vertical incised lines. Found in the Warren Livingstone sand and gravel pit, now disused, and as of 2016 residential properties now on site, (S1-S3).
See also (S5-S12)
Depth data from (S5, S6).
- --- SSF57698 Unpublished document: IPSMG. Ipswich Museum Extension Books.
- <S1> SSF50032 Index: OS. OS Card. OS, card TM14NW9.
- <S2> SSF50070 Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. 1933-57, 1933-58, 192-131, 1934-123 (a+b+c), 1936-280, 1934-60, 1944-107, 1935-235, 1952-139.
- <S2> SSF50070 Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. 1933-14, 1936-93,1937-217 (A+B), 1935-46, 1936-146,1935-236, 1935-237, 1931-18, 1932-200, 1933-138.
- <S2> SSF50070 Museum Record Card: Ipswich Museum. IPSMG card. 1932-63, 1931-211, 962-235, 962-230, 1949-126B.
- <S3> SSF50068 Index: Suffolk Archaeology Unit. 1974. SAU index card and Archive.
- <S4> SSF56333 Unpublished document: Cutler, Hannah. 2013. Understanding Late Middle Palaeolithic Neandertal Landscape-use during Short-Term Occupations in Britain.
- <S5> SSF50084 Bibliographic reference: Wymer, J.J.. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. Pg. 213-216.
- <S6> SSF56334 Article in serial: Moir J R. 1930. Ancient Man in the Gipping—Orwell Valley, Suffolk.
- <S7> SSF56335 Bibliographic reference: Roe, Derek.. 1981. The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Periods in Britain..
- <S8> SSF56336 Bibliographic reference: Tyldesley, Joyce.. 1987. The Bout Coupé Handaxe, A Typological Problem..
- <S9> SSF56337 Article in serial: White, M and Jacobi, R.. 2002. Two Sides to Every Story: Bout Coupé Handaxes Revisited.
- <S10> SSF56338 Article in serial: White, M.J. & Pettitt. 2011. The British Late Middle Palaeolithic: An Interpretative Synthesis of Neanderthal Occupation at the Northwestern Edge of the Pleistocene World.
- <S11> SSF56339 Bibliographic reference: Pettitt, P.B. & White, M.J.. 2012. The British Palaeolithic: Human Societies at the Edge of the Pleistocene World.
- <S12> SSF55934 Index: Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service. 1974. Ipswich Archaeological Survey Card Index (digital version)..
- <S13> SSF59351 Digital archive: Wymer, J.J.. 1999. The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPs) The Lower Palaeolithic Occupation of Britain (TERPS). 22736.
- <S14> SSF59354 Unpublished document: Billington, L, P.. 2016. Lithic Scatters and Landscape Occupation in the Late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic: A Case Study from Eastern England.. P 197.
- <S15> SSF59353 Digital archive: Jacobi, R.. 2014. Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Lithic Artefact (PaMELA) database. 257, 1608, 5345, 5349, 5352, 5354, 5356, 5360, 5362, 5365, 5367.
- FSF16520: POTTERY (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
- FSF16521: POTTERY PETERBOROUGH (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
- FSF16522: AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
- FSF16523: HAMMER (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
- FSF16524: POTTERY (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- FSF17707: ANIMAL REMAINS (MIS5d - 113000 BC? to 103000 BC?)
- FSF17708: HANDAXE (Late Middle Paleolithic - 52000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF29013: FULLY BIFACIAL LEAF POINT (Early Upper Palaeolithic (LRJ) - 42000 BC to 40000 BC)
- FSF42217: FONT ROBERT POINT (Gravettian - 32000 BC to 31000 BC)
- FSF42218: BLADE (Terminal Palaeolithic (Ahrensburgian, Long Blade) - 9700 BC to 9400 BC)
- FSF42219: CONICAL BLADE CORE (Upper Palaeolithic - 42000 BC to 9400 BC)
- FSF42221: LEVALLOIS CORE (Middle Palaeolithic - 323000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF42222: LEVALLOIS FLAKE (Middle Palaeolithic - 323000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF50037: BLADE (Early Upper Palaeolithic (LRJ) - 42000 BC to 40000 BC)
- FSF50038: ROUGHOUT (Early Upper Palaeolithic (LRJ) - 42000 BC to 40000 BC)
- FSF50039: POINTED HANDAXE (Late Middle Paleolithic - 52000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF50040: SUB CORDATE HANDAXE (Late Middle Paleolithic - 52000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF50041: CORDATE HANDAXE (Late Middle Paleolithic - 52000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF50042: OVATE HANDAXE (Late Middle Paleolithic - 52000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF50043: FLAT BUTTED CORDATE (BOUT COUPE) HANDAXE (Late Middle Paleolithic - 52000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF50044: AXEHEAD ROUGHOUT (Late Middle Paleolithic - 52000 BC? to 42000 BC?)
- FSF50045: FLAKE (Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC? to 9400 BC?)
- FSF50046: LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2351 BC?)
- None recorded
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Record last edited
Jan 8 2020 6:39PM