Monument record BRD 018 - Chequer Meadow; Staunch Meadow (Sax)

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Summary

Scheduled Monument - Middle Saxon occupation on Chequer Meadow. The earthworks, former earthworks, soilmarks and cropmarks of this Middle Saxon settlement site and medieval enclosure at Staunch Meadow are recorded under a separate number (BRD267) due to the complexity of the site and the fact that they relate to several periods of occupation and activity at the site, but cannot easily be split into individual phases. See this record and the mapping for details.

Location

Grid reference Centred TL 7795 8658 (413m by 263m) (Centred on)
Map sheet TL78NE
Civil Parish BRANDON, FOREST HEATH, SUFFOLK

Map

Type and Period (13)

Full Description

Middle Saxon Occupation on Chequer Meadow (S4). N.B. see Arttype for full list of artefacts.
1952: D Howlott of NWHCM, dug briefly at Staunch Meadow. Finds included MSax pottery, animal bones and a bronze pin. Finds are at NWHCM (Mus Acc 6.32.958), and there is a note in Rainbird Clarke's card index. No sign of any excavation records.
Partial excavation of a settlement site on a sand island beside the river Ouse. Occupation primarily MSax 650-850 AD, but a very small number of ESax objects. Settlement characterised by plank-in-post-hole and plank-in-trench built rectangular structures, some within enclosure ditches, which fall into two basic size ranges, circa 11m x 6m & 8m x 5m. One of the structures included a horses head and other body parts deposited underneath the doorway. Settlement was served by at least one church and cemetery. Second cemetery located but not church (1988). Industrial area for cloth (linen) preparation and dying located on reclaimed land to N of island. Island connected to main river bank by a causeway.Major archaeological attribute is the single period occupation and no subsequent agriculture leading to preservation of an occupation horizon and recovery of large numbers of finds. Main settlement deserted circa 850 AD for alternative site on river bank and ? focus of present Med church (BRD 049). The island site remained in use as chapel and burial site ? perpetuating the focus of the settlement and ? the second church (S1).
See (S1)(S2)(S3) for detailed information of finds (including silver penny of Burgred of Mercia, formerly recorded as BRD 025) etc. For summary excavation reports see (S7).
See (S5) for English Heritage AM Lab report.
June 2006: report by nearby resident of "frequent illegal metal detecting and 'nighthawking', sometimes in broad daylight". Police informed several times but no action taken (see note in parish file).
Full report expected circa 2008.
Also Mes, Neo, BA, IA, Rom, Med, PMed & Un.

March 2017. 'Brecks from Above' and Breckland National Mapping Programme.
The earthworks, former earthworks, soilmarks and cropmarks of this Middle Saxon settlement site and medieval enclosure at Staunch Meadow are recorded under a separate number (BRD267) due to the complexity of the site and the fact that they relate to several periods of occupation and activity at the site, but cannot easily be split into individual phases. See this record and the mapping for details.
S. Horlock (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 19th March 2017.

Sources/Archives (12)

  • --- Unpublished document: Blakelock, E.. 2005. Archaeology Report: The lead pad from Staunch Meadow.
  • <M1> (No record type): Excavation archive:.
  • <S1> Excavation archive: Suffolk County Council Archaeologcial Service. 1989. Staunch Meadow, Brandon. Excavation archive.
  • <S2> (No record type): Norfolk Arch Unit, Gregory T, letter from T Langwith, July 1978.
  • <M2> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file: letter, correspondence etc.
  • <M3> (No record type): SAM file:.
  • <S3> Unpublished document: Suffolk Archaeological Service. Parish file. Parish file, correspondence, site reports etc.
  • <S4> Unpublished document: Department of the Environment. Scheduling information.
  • <S5> Unpublished document: English Heritage. Tyers I (HBMC), Tree-ring analysis etc from ... Staunch Meadow.., EH, AM Lab Report 33/2000.
  • <S6> Bibliographic reference: Carr R D, Tester A & Murphy P. Antiquity. 62 (235), June 1988. Pages 371-377.
  • <S7> Article in serial: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. PSIAH 35 (1) p 78 1981, PSIAH 37(3) 1991 p265-6.
  • <S8> Article in serial: Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History. PSIAH 37 (3) 1991, p265-6.

Finds (66)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Record last edited

Dec 2 2020 2:41PM

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